User:Visviva/Nature 20090226

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This is a list of lowercase non-hyphenated single words found in the 2009-02-26 issue of Nature which did not have English entries in the English Wiktionary when this list was created.

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91821 tokens ‧ 57514 valid lowercase tokens ‧ 7024 types ‧ 161 (~ 2.292%) words before cleaning ‧ 

2009-02-26[edit]

  1. acetyllysine
  2. adhesivity
  3. afferents
  4. annectant
    • 2009 February 25, “50 & 100 years ago”, Nature, volume 457, number 7233, DOI:10.1038/4571092a, page 1092: 
      Lapland is the home of an intermediate form known as S. salvelino-stagnalis, while another annectant type, S. alpino-stagnalis, occurs in Greenland.
      add - notemp
  5. antiarch
  6. antiarchs
    • 2009 February 25, Per E. Ahlberg, “PalaeontologyBirth of the jawed vertebrates”, Nature, volume 457, number 7233, DOI:10.1038/4571094a, pages 1094-1095: 
      A more important question is whether the most primitive placoderms, such as the antiarchs (bottom-feeding fishes with armoured pectoral fins), were also live-bearers, because this would undermine the case for the placoderms forming a paraphyletic segment of the gnathostome stem.
      add - notemp
  7. antidot
  8. arthrodiran
  9. aspiny
  10. atherinomorph
  11. autosampler
  12. avirulent
  13. axosomatic
  14. basals
  15. basipterygia
    • 2009 February 26, John A. Long et al., “Devonian arthrodire embryos and the origin of internal fertilization in vertebrates”, Nature, volume 457, number 7233, DOI:10.1038/nature07732, pages 1124-1127: 
      Furthermore, our observation that certain arthrodires (including phyllolepids) had elongated pelvic basipterygia that articulated distally with additional cartilage elements as in chondrichthyans supports the view that a copulatory mode of reproduction involving manipulation of the pelvic fin for sperm delivery had evolved at this early stage of vertebrate evolution.
      add - notemp
  16. basipterygial
    • 2009 February 26, John A. Long et al., “Devonian arthrodire embryos and the origin of internal fertilization in vertebrates”, Nature, volume 457, number 7233, DOI:10.1038/nature07732, pages 1124-1127: 
      h , Pelvic fin structures restored in dorsal view showing restored fin cartilages in white. art.fac, articular facet for additional pelvic elements; art.rad, radial articulations; bas, basipterygium; bas.art, basipterygial articulation facet; cart, cartilage distal to basipterygium; clas, clasper; j,car, junction cartilages; pel.f, pelvic fin; pel.g, pelvic girdle; pel.sy, pelvic symphysis; rad, radialia.
      add - notemp
  17. basipterygium
  18. bedforms
  19. cacodylate
  20. callosal
  21. carcharhiniform
  22. cartilages
    • 2009 February 26, John A. Long et al., “Devonian arthrodire embryos and the origin of internal fertilization in vertebrates”, Nature, volume 457, number 7233, DOI:10.1038/nature07732, pages 1124-1127: 
      h , Pelvic fin structures restored in dorsal view showing restored fin cartilages in white. art.fac, articular facet for additional pelvic elements; art.rad, radial articulations; bas, basipterygium; bas.art, basipterygial articulation facet; cart, cartilage distal to basipterygium; clas, clasper; j,car, junction cartilages; pel.f, pelvic fin; pel.g, pelvic girdle; pel.sy, pelvic symphysis; rad, radialia.
      add - notemp
  23. clasper
  24. claspers
  25. confocalized
  26. corticocallosal
  27. corticothalamic
  28. deltaproteobacterium
  29. dendrotoxin
  30. diaminobenzidine
  31. dodecanethiol
    • 2009 February 26, Yifei Mo et al., “Friction laws at the nanoscale”, Nature, volume 457, number 7233, DOI:10.1038/nature07748, pages 1116-1119: 
      Colburn, T. J. & Leggett, G. J. Influence of solvent environment and tip chemistry on the contact mechanics of tip-sample interactions in friction force microscopy of self-assembled monolayers of mercaptoundecanoic acid and dodecanethiol .
      add - notemp
  32. effecter
  33. elasmobranch
  34. electrotonically
    • 2009 January 18, Leopoldo Petreanu et al., “The subcellular organization of neocortical excitatory connections”, Nature, volume 457, number 7233, DOI:10.1038/nature07709, pages 1142-1145: 
      For example, input on the apical tufts of L5 neurons could be reduced several-fold relative to more proximal input 11 . sCRACM maps thus represent a 'somatocentric' view of the dendritic distribution of synaptic input, where electrotonically distant synapses will appear relatively weak (Supplementary Fig. 8 ).
      add - notemp
  35. elongator
  36. endoglycosidase
    • 2009 February 26, Juha Laurén et al., “Cellular prion protein mediates impairment of synaptic plasticity by amyloid-β oligomers”, Nature, volume 457, number 7233, DOI:10.1038/nature07761, pages 1128-1132: 
      Samples for the middle panel were pretreated with endoglycosidase (PNGase F) before gel electrophoresis through a 4–20% polyacrylamide gel in Tris-glycine-SDS. Molecular weight standards are shown at the left in kDa. c , Hippocampal neurons from E18 mice after 21 DIV were incubated with biotinylated A 42 oligomer (130 nM monomer equivalent) for 1 h at 37 °C and then fixed.
      add - notemp
  37. epifluorescent
  38. eubrachythoracid
  39. foraminiferans
  40. gabazine
  41. galvanomagnetic
  42. glycaemia
  43. glycation
  44. gravitropic
  45. haplodeficient
    • 2009 February 26, Noel J. Buckley et al., “Is REST a regulator of pluripotency?”, Nature, volume 457, number 7233, DOI:10.1038/nature07784: 
      In contrast, we show that, in haplodeficient Rest +/- ESCs, we detected no change in pluripotency markers, no precocious expression of differentiated neuronal markers and no interaction of REST with miR-21.
      add - notemp
  46. hepatocytic
  47. histodifferentiation
    • 2009 February 26, Akiko Mammoto et al., “A mechanosensitive transcriptional mechanism that controls angiogenesis”, Nature, volume 457, number 7233, DOI:10.1038/nature07765, pages 1103-1108: 
      This mechanism is analogous to other developmental mechanisms used by haematopoietic cells and mammary epithelium 28,38–40 ; however, this is, to our knowledge, the first demonstration that transcriptional cross-antagonism can govern histodifferentiation and tissue morphogenesis, and be sensitive to mechanical as well as chemical cues.
      add - notemp
  48. holocephalan
  49. hyperphagia
  50. ichthyosaurs
  51. immunopurified
  52. inferognathal
  53. interdunes
  54. interscutularis
    • 2009 February 25, “Neuroscience: Mouse mapping”, Nature, volume 457, number 7233, DOI:10.1038/4571061d, page 1061: 
      But researchers based in Cambridge, Massachusetts, have painstakingly mapped every neuron involved in innervating six mouse interscutularis muscles — muscles that allow mammals to wiggle their ears.
      add - notemp
  55. interspike
  56. interuterine
  57. intracolumnar
  58. intrastriatal
  59. intratelencephalically
  60. kyr
  61. kyrs
  62. lemniscal
  63. leucoagglutinin
  64. livebearing
  65. magnetoconductivity
  66. magnetoelectronics
  67. magnetotransport
  68. mercaptoundecanoic
    • 2009 February 26, Yifei Mo et al., “Friction laws at the nanoscale”, Nature, volume 457, number 7233, DOI:10.1038/nature07748, pages 1116-1119: 
      Colburn, T. J. & Leggett, G. J. Influence of solvent environment and tip chemistry on the contact mechanics of tip-sample interactions in friction force microscopy of self-assembled monolayers of mercaptoundecanoic acid and dodecanethiol .
      add - notemp
  69. metapterygium
  70. methylamines
  71. methylsulfate
    • 2009 January 18, Shaul Hestrin Solange P. Brown, “Intracortical circuits of pyramidal neurons reflect their long-range axonal targets”, Nature, volume 457, number 7233, DOI:10.1038/nature07658, pages 1133-1136: 
      Electrophysiological recordings Glass electrodes (2–4 m ) were filled with an internal solution containing 2.7 mM KCl, 120 mM potassium methylsulfate, 9 mM HEPES, 0.18 mM EGTA, 4 mM MgATP, 0.3 mM NaGTP, 20 mM phosphocreatine(Na), pH 7.3, 295 mosM. Simultaneous whole-cell patch clamp recordings of the targeted pyramidal cells were obtained using two Multiclamp 700A patch amplifiers (Molecular Devices) in current-clamp mode.
      add - notemp
  72. microcircuitry
  73. micromachined
  74. microslicer
  75. microstimulation
  76. mive
  77. monosynaptically
  78. multiangle
  79. nanofriction
  80. neuroprostheses
  81. nonendocytic
  82. nonfibrillar
  83. nonmultilayer
  84. nonpyramidal
  85. octapeptide
  86. paralemniscal
  87. parallelized
  88. paraloid
  89. paranuchals
  90. paxillin
    • 2009 February 26, Akiko Mammoto et al., “A mechanosensitive transcriptional mechanism that controls angiogenesis”, Nature, volume 457, number 7233, DOI:10.1038/nature07765, pages 1103-1108: 
      Author Contributions A.M. conceived the experiments, performed experiments, designed research and analysed data with assistance from K.M.C., T.M., C.W.Y., D.H., C.M.A., G.M., L.E.H.S. and D.E.I. A.M. wrote the manuscript with D.E.I., with input from L.E.H.S. Top of page Online Methods Materials Anti-GATA2 polyclonal antibody was from Abcam, anti-HA monoclonal antibody was from Covance, monoclonal antibodies against TFII-I , p190RhoGAP , PECAM (CD31) and paxillin were from Transduction laboratory, anti-GAPDH antibody was from Chemicon, anti-lamin monoclonal antibody was from Upstate, anti-VEGFR2 antibody was from Cell Signaling, and anti-Myc antibody was from Santa Cruz.
      add - notemp
  91. perisomatic
  92. persister
    • 2009 February 25, Slava S. Epstein, “Microbial awakenings”, Nature, volume 457, number 7233, DOI:10.1038/4571083a, page 1083: 
      It was unclear, however, how such persister cells could be both sufficiently dormant to not divide in an otherwise growing population the moment before the challenge, and then, under identical conditions after the challenge, be sufficiently active to form a colony.
      add - notemp
  93. persisters
    • 2009 February 25, Slava S. Epstein, “Microbial awakenings”, Nature, volume 457, number 7233, DOI:10.1038/4571083a, page 1083: 
      My model postulates that the pool of dormant cells that survives the dose of antibiotic is substantially larger than the pool of persisters currently thought to survive.
      add - notemp
  94. phenologies
    • 2009 February 25, Geoffrey M. Henebry, “Global changeCarbon in idle croplands”, Nature, volume 457, number 7233, DOI:10.1038/4571089a, pages 1089-1090: 
      Assimilating land-surface phenologies into models can forge the link that is required to feed back the changing state of vegetation to atmospheric processes 14 .
      add - notemp
  95. phosphoglycerolipids
  96. phosphoribosyltransferase
  97. photostimulating
  98. photostimulation
  99. photostimuli
  100. phyllolepid
  101. phyllolepids
    • 2009 February 26, John A. Long et al., “Devonian arthrodire embryos and the origin of internal fertilization in vertebrates”, Nature, volume 457, number 7233, DOI:10.1038/nature07732, pages 1124-1127: 
      Furthermore, our observation that certain arthrodires (including phyllolepids) had elongated pelvic basipterygia that articulated distally with additional cartilage elements as in chondrichthyans supports the view that a copulatory mode of reproduction involving manipulation of the pelvic fin for sperm delivery had evolved at this early stage of vertebrate evolution.
      add - notemp
  102. phytodetritus
  103. planethood
    • 2009 February 25, Kevin J. Walsh, “AsteroidsWhen planets migrate”, Nature, volume 457, number 7233, DOI:10.1038/4571091a, pages 1091-1093: 
      Although asteroids pale in size in comparison to planets, they share similar humble beginnings: in clouds of gas and dust circling the young Sun, grains of dust started sticking together, and soon there were boulders and then mountains of rock headed towards planethood.
      add - notemp
  104. pluronic
  105. postsuborbital
  106. postsynaptically
  107. preorbitals
  108. presynaptically
  109. prototrophic
  110. ptyctodont
  111. ptyctodontid
  112. ptyctodontids
  113. ptyctodonts
    • 2009 February 25, Per E. Ahlberg, “PalaeontologyBirth of the jawed vertebrates”, Nature, volume 457, number 7233, DOI:10.1038/4571094a, pages 1094-1095: 
      Brazeau's analysis 7 places the ptyctodonts and arthrodires as successive branches off the gnathostome stem, implying the existence of such a segment unless the two groups have evolved live-bearing independently.
      add - notemp
  114. recruitable
  115. resistivities
  116. rheometry
    • 2009 February 26, Akiko Mammoto et al., “A mechanosensitive transcriptional mechanism that controls angiogenesis”, Nature, volume 457, number 7233, DOI:10.1038/nature07765, pages 1103-1108: 
      Top of page Acknowledgements We thank T. Polte, E. Pravda, M. de Bruijn and K. Johnson for their technical suggestions and assistance, T. Nakano and H. Sabe for providing plasmids, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) for providing VEGF, and D. Weitz for providing assistance with rheometry measurements.
      add - notemp
  117. secretase *
    • 2009 February 25, Lennart Mucke Moustapha Cisse, “Alzheimer's diseaseA prion protein connection”, Nature, volume 457, number 7233, DOI:10.1038/4571090a, pages 1090-1091: 
      Interestingly, the enzyme -secretase — which precludes A production by cleaving the A precursor protein APP within the A domain — also cleaves PrP C between residues 111 and 112 (ref. 10 ), thus releasing from the membrane the portion of PrP C to which A would otherwise bind.
      add - notemp
  118. seif
  119. sigmoidal
  120. somata
  121. somatocentric
  122. somatosensation
  123. spongious
  124. stadial
  125. stadials
  126. stargazin
    • 2009 February 26, Juha Laurén et al., “Cellular prion protein mediates impairment of synaptic plasticity by amyloid-β oligomers”, Nature, volume 457, number 7233, DOI:10.1038/nature07761, pages 1128-1132: 
      Top of page Acknowledgements We thank S. Tomita for cRNAs encoding GluR1–4 and stargazin (also known as CACNG2), B. Chesebro for providing us the Prnp null mice, M. Schachner for providing the PrP–Fc expression vector, E. Flechsig, C. Weismann and D. Harris for providing the PrP C deletion expression plasmids, D. Westaway for the Sprn expression plasmid and P. Seeburg for N-methyl- d -aspartate receptor subunit cDNAs. We thank S. Sodi for assistance with mouse husbandry.
      add - notemp
  127. steptavidin
  128. stethoscopy
  129. stoss
  130. striatal
    • 2009 February 26, Noel J. Buckley et al., “Is REST a regulator of pluripotency?”, Nature, volume 457, number 7233, DOI:10.1038/nature07784: 
      1 , who report an increase in miR-21 levels in embryoid bodies compared with ESCs. Third, REST does not regulate levels of miR-21 in a transformed embryonic striatal cell line 8 where both are robustly expressed 9 .
      add - notemp
  131. sturgeons
  132. subdiffraction
  133. sublinearly
  134. subnetworks
  135. subregion
  136. teleosteans
  137. tetrazolium
  138. thalamocortical
  139. tickmarks
  140. tractional
  141. transcardiac
  142. transglutaminase
  143. uncultivability
  144. unossified
  145. ventrolaterals
  146. venular
  147. wortmannin

Sequestered[edit]