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This is a list of lowercase non-hyphenated single words found in the 2009-03-19 issue of Nature which did not have English entries in the English Wiktionary when this list was created.

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95001 tokens ‧ 62219 valid lowercase tokens ‧ 7475 types ‧ 195 (~ 2.609%) words before cleaning ‧ 

2009-03-19[edit]

  1. abzymes
    • 2009 March 19, Ronald L. Koder et al., “Design and engineering of an O2 transport protein”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07841, pages 305-309: 
      Limited adaptability of natural proteins to accommodate new catalytic site functionalities has been the experience so far with a variety of powerful approaches including abzymes 38 , computational design combined with directed evolution 6 and recombination through domain swapping 39 .
      add - notemp
  2. anatectic
  3. anatexis
  4. annite
  5. anthracotheres
  6. antorbital
  7. archosaurian
  8. attoreactors
    • 2009 March 18, Stephen Davey, “Chemistry: Thinking outside the flask”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/458294a, page 294: 
      The authors showed that several types of reactions can be performed in their attoreactors, including those in which one of the reactants is polymeric (although reactions with two polymeric reactants are expected to be problematic, because polymers can't easily diffuse through the nanofibre matrix).
      add - notemp
  9. autophosphorylated
  10. avialan
  11. biochronologic
  12. biochronology
  13. biolistically
  14. biopelagic
  15. biostratigraphic
  16. bisammonium
  17. caniniform
  18. captively
  19. caudals
  20. caudodorsal
  21. caudodorsally
  22. cebochoerids
  23. cetartiodactyls
    • 2009 March 19, Jessica M. Theodor Jonathan H. Geisler, “Hippopotamus and whale phylogeny”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07776: 
      The carnivorous to omnivorous mesonychians are in red, terrestrial cetartiodactyls (even-hoofed ungulates) are in green, and aquatic to semi-aquatic cetartiodactyls are in blue.
      add - notemp
  24. chemocyanin
  25. chirospecific
    • 2009 March 18, Patrick H. Vaccaro, “Spectroscopy: Handedness in quick time”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/458289a, pages 289-290: 
      The two enantiomeric forms of a chiral compound display optical activities ( n and ) of equal magnitude, yet opposite sign, reflecting the chirospecific nature of their interactions with oscillating electric and magnetic fields.
      add - notemp
  26. chromoprotein
    • 2009 March 19, Seok-Jin R. Lee et al., “Activation of CaMKII in single dendritic spines during long-term potentiation”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07842, pages 299-304: 
      To optimize the sensitivity and brightness, we used the FRET pair of monomeric enhanced green fluorescent protein (mEGFP) 6 and resonance energy-accepting chromoprotein (REACh), a non-radiative yellow fluorescent protein variant 7 (green-Camui ), and measured FRET using two-photon fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy 8, 9, 10 .
      add - notemp
  27. clinopyroxenes
  28. coelurosaur
    • 2009 March 18, Lawrence M. Witmer, “Dinosaurs: Fuzzy origins for feathers”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/458293a, pages 293-295: 
      These filaments are evident in some theropods such as Caudipteryx that have true pennaceous feathers, but are also found in a range of other theropods that lack definitive feathers, such as the basal coelurosaur Sinosauropteryx, the therizinosauroid Beipiaosaurus and the basal tyrannosauroid Dilong 3, 4, 10 .
      add - notemp
  29. conflictive
    • 2009 March 18, Wendy Barnaby, “Do nations go to war over water?”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/458282a, pages 282-283: 
      Of 1,831 instances of interactions over international freshwater resources tallied over that time period (including everything from unofficial verbal exchanges to economic agreements or military action), 67% were cooperative, only 28% were conflictive, and the remaining 5% were neutral or insignificant.
      add - notemp
  30. confuciusornithid
  31. coronoid
    • 2009 March 19, Xiao-Ting Zheng et al., “An Early Cretaceous heterodontosaurid dinosaur with filamentous integumentary structures”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07856, pages 333-336: 
      A heterodontosaurid dinosaur distinguishable from other species in having a semi-circular diastema, a barely developed buccal emargination, a dorsally placed mandibular jaw joint well above the level of the dentary tooth row, only one premaxillary tooth (which is caniniform), a distinct gap between the dentary teeth and coronoid process, caudally increasing tooth sizes, and adjacent maxillary and dentary tooth crowns distinctly separate and lacking mesial and distal marginal denticles and ridges on the buccal surfaces.
      add - notemp
  32. cyclopel
    • 2009 March 19, T. Naish et al., “Obliquity-paced Pliocene West Antarctic ice sheet oscillations”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07867, pages 322-328: 
      For example, the rhythmically interlaminated claystone with silt/sandstone facies in AND-1B are consistent with previously described cyclopsam and cyclopel facies from modern temperate to subpolar glacimarine environments in Alaska and the Greenland margin, where they are deposited in quiet-water basins by suspension settling from meltwater plumes 35, 36 .
      add - notemp
  33. cyclopsam
    • 2009 March 19, T. Naish et al., “Obliquity-paced Pliocene West Antarctic ice sheet oscillations”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07867, pages 322-328: 
      For example, the rhythmically interlaminated claystone with silt/sandstone facies in AND-1B are consistent with previously described cyclopsam and cyclopel facies from modern temperate to subpolar glacimarine environments in Alaska and the Greenland margin, where they are deposited in quiet-water basins by suspension settling from meltwater plumes 35, 36 .
      add - notemp
  34. cyclostratigraphic
  35. cypriniform
    • 2009 March 18, “Evolution: Fishy fangs”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/458263c, page 263: 
      Soc. B doi: 10.1098/rspb.2009.0141 (2009) Carp-like cypriniform fishes lost their teeth millions of years ago, but a newly described species has come close to redeveloping them.
      add - notemp
  36. defensins
  37. deltopectoral
  38. denticles
  39. deoxycholic
    • 2009 March 19, Seok-Jin R. Lee et al., “Activation of CaMKII in single dendritic spines during long-term potentiation”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07842, pages 299-304: 
      Cells were lysed in a buffer containing 20 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.4, 137 mM NaCl, 0.5% deoxycholic acid, 25 mM -glycerophosphate, 1 mM sodium orthovanadate, 2 mM sodium pyrophosphate, 2 mM EDTA, 1 mM sodium fluoride, 0.5 mM dithiothreitol, EDTA-free protease inhibitor cocktail (Roche) and incubated for 30 min at 4 °C. The supernatants were collected after a 30 min microfugal centrifugation at 14,000g at 4 °C. After precleaning with protein A-Sepharose (Sigma), samples were incubated with 5 g per sample of mouse monoclonal anti-Green Fluorescent Protein antibody (MBL) or mouse non-immune IgG (Jackson Laboratories) at 4 °C overnight.
      add - notemp
  40. deoxymyoglobin
  41. dialkyammonium
  42. dialkylammonium
  43. diamictites
    • 2009 March 19, T. Naish et al., “Obliquity-paced Pliocene West Antarctic ice sheet oscillations”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07867, pages 322-328: 
      The composition of till (ice-contact diamictites), which overlie GSEs and represent sediments transported at the base of a grounded ice sheet, show that the ice originated from large outlet glaciers in the Transantarctic Mountains (TAM), especially the Mulock and Skelton glaciers south of Minna Bluff 21 .
      add - notemp
  44. diaminoalkanes
  45. diathermic
  46. diatomites
  47. dinuncleotide
    • 2008 December 17, Noam Kaplan et al., “The DNA-encoded nucleosome organization of a eukaryotic genome”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07667, pages 362-366: 
      Sequences were designed to represent tiled yeast genomic sequences (22,236 oligonucleotides), and a survey of randomly generated sequences selected to represent a wide variety of DNA sequence characteristics (nucleotide and dinuncleotide composition, periodic features and DNA structural parameters 7 ).
      add - notemp
  48. diptericin
  49. dorsals
  50. downturned
  51. drillcore
  52. drosomycin
  53. ellipsometric
  54. emargination
    • 2009 March 19, Xiao-Ting Zheng et al., “An Early Cretaceous heterodontosaurid dinosaur with filamentous integumentary structures”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07856, pages 333-336: 
      A heterodontosaurid dinosaur distinguishable from other species in having a semi-circular diastema, a barely developed buccal emargination, a dorsally placed mandibular jaw joint well above the level of the dentary tooth row, only one premaxillary tooth (which is caniniform), a distinct gap between the dentary teeth and coronoid process, caudally increasing tooth sizes, and adjacent maxillary and dentary tooth crowns distinctly separate and lacking mesial and distal marginal denticles and ridges on the buccal surfaces.
      add - notemp
  55. enantiornithean
  56. enantiornitine
  57. enterokinase
    • 2009 March 19, Ronald L. Koder et al., “Design and engineering of an O2 transport protein”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07841, pages 305-309: 
      The gene was constructed using assembly PCR 53 and ligated into the overexpression vector pET 32d(+) (Novagen, Inc.) modified to replace the enterokinase cleavage site with a TEV-protease cleavage site, yielding the plasmid pHP7-TEV. The plasmid was transformed into DH5 cells and sequenced in the region of interest to verify the presence of the intact gene, and the plasmid was transformed into BL21(DE3) cells.
      add - notemp
  58. epaxial
  59. femtolitre
  60. flippase
  61. flippases
  62. flopless
  63. geminal
  64. glacimarine
  65. glaciologic
  66. glutamines
    • 2009 March 19, Ronald L. Koder et al., “Design and engineering of an O2 transport protein”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07841, pages 305-309: 
      Modelling identified four amino acids for substitution to interfacially compatible alanines or glutamines 19 and one for deletion to more favourably realign the binary pattern after haem addition, yielding 4 (Fig. 1 ).
      add - notemp
  67. haemoglobins
    • 2009 March 19, Ronald L. Koder et al., “Design and engineering of an O2 transport protein”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07841, pages 305-309: 
      In all natural haemoglobins with distal histidines, either preferentially bound to the haem iron, as in neuroglobin, or displaced from the iron, as in myoglobin or human haemoglobin, CO is a poison that binds more tightly than O 2 .
      add - notemp
  68. haems
    • 2009 March 19, Ronald L. Koder et al., “Design and engineering of an O2 transport protein”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07841, pages 305-309: 
      Beginning with a simple and unnatural helix-forming sequence with just three different amino acids, we assembled a four-helix bundle, positioned histidines to bis-histidine ligate haems, and exploited helical rotation and glutamate burial on haem binding to introduce distal histidine strain and facilitate O 2 binding.
      add - notemp
  69. hemiascomycetes
  70. hemipelagic
  71. hemoglobins
  72. heterodontosaurid
  73. heterodontosauridae
  74. heterodontosaurids
  75. heterometallic
  76. hexahistidine
  77. hippopotamids
    • 2009 March 19, J. G. M. Thewissen et al., “Thewissen et al. reply”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07775: 
      Their study expands on our findings by inferring that hippopotamids are the sister group to the combined raoellid–cetacean clade, whereas our paper had explicitly stated that our data could not address the position of the extant artiodactyl families.
      add - notemp
  78. holoenyzme
  79. hypaxial
  80. hyperostoses
    • 2009 March 19, J. G. M. Thewissen et al., “Thewissen et al. reply”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07775: 
      The mechanisms that lead to such hyperostoses deserve further study, and such a study is necessary to test the speculation of Geisler and Theodor 1 that hyperostoses of the limbs and bulla are related.
      add - notemp
  81. immunocomplexes
  82. integrality
  83. integumental
  84. intercomponent
    • 2009 March 19, Chin-Fa Lee et al., “Hybrid organic–inorganic rotaxanes and molecular shuttles”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07847, pages 314-318: 
      The fluorine anion between the two involved in short NH F hydrogen bonds is also close enough to both ammonium protons to provide some electrostatic stabilization of the intercomponent binding motif (that is, it participates in what can be considered long and poorly directional NH F hydrogen bonds, not depicted in the figure): NH1 F8 = 2.38 Å, NH2 F8 = 2.56 Å, N-H1-F8 = 114.2°, N-H2-F8 = 101.7°.
      add - notemp
  85. intercondylar
  86. interlaminated
    • 2009 March 19, T. Naish et al., “Obliquity-paced Pliocene West Antarctic ice sheet oscillations”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07867, pages 322-328: 
      This may or may not be preserved below the GSE, depending on the degree of erosion on the GSE. Several facies commonly associated with proximal glacimarine deposition are noted in AND-1B (Supplementary Table 2 ), including mudstone with dispersed clasts, conglomerates, sorted sandstone (with a TAM provenance), conglomerates and rhythmically interlaminated couplets of claystone with either siltstone or very fine-grained sandstone (see, for example, Supplementary Fig. 3 ).
      add - notemp
  87. interstratified
  88. intraclasts
  89. intrathoracic
  90. leucines
  91. leucogranite
  92. leucogranites
  93. lithofacies
  94. lymphadenopathy
  95. lyticase
  96. macerozyme
  97. macrocyclization
    • 2009 March 19, Chin-Fa Lee et al., “Hybrid organic–inorganic rotaxanes and molecular shuttles”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07847, pages 314-318: 
      This suggests that the chloromethyl group has a crucial role, possibly as an electrophilic site of temporary attachment for the tetraalkylammonium cation, which might then act as a macrocyclization template for a growing oligomeric metal-pivalate-fluoride chain.
      add - notemp
  98. mediolaterally
  99. mesonychians
    • 2009 March 19, Jessica M. Theodor Jonathan H. Geisler, “Hippopotamus and whale phylogeny”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07776: 
      The carnivorous to omnivorous mesonychians are in red, terrestrial cetartiodactyls (even-hoofed ungulates) are in green, and aquatic to semi-aquatic cetartiodactyls are in blue.
      add - notemp
  100. microcurie
  101. microfugal
    • 2009 March 19, Seok-Jin R. Lee et al., “Activation of CaMKII in single dendritic spines during long-term potentiation”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07842, pages 299-304: 
      Cells were lysed in a buffer containing 20 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.4, 137 mM NaCl, 0.5% deoxycholic acid, 25 mM -glycerophosphate, 1 mM sodium orthovanadate, 2 mM sodium pyrophosphate, 2 mM EDTA, 1 mM sodium fluoride, 0.5 mM dithiothreitol, EDTA-free protease inhibitor cocktail (Roche) and incubated for 30 min at 4 °C. The supernatants were collected after a 30 min microfugal centrifugation at 14,000g at 4 °C. After precleaning with protein A-Sepharose (Sigma), samples were incubated with 5 g per sample of mouse monoclonal anti-Green Fluorescent Protein antibody (MBL) or mouse non-immune IgG (Jackson Laboratories) at 4 °C overnight.
      add - notemp
  102. microinjector
  103. monoanionic
    • 2009 March 19, Chin-Fa Lee et al., “Hybrid organic–inorganic rotaxanes and molecular shuttles”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07847, pages 314-318: 
      The [2]rotaxane is a neutral molecule, the positive charge on the ammonium thread being balanced by the charge remaining on a heterometallic macrocycle consisting of 24 monoanionic ligands (eight fluorides and sixteen pivalate groups) bound to seven trivalent cations (Cr( iii )) and one divalent (Co( ii )) cation.
      add - notemp
  104. monomerization
  105. myoglobins
  106. nannofossil
    • 2009 March 19, T. Naish et al., “Obliquity-paced Pliocene West Antarctic ice sheet oscillations”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07867, pages 322-328: 
      D. Persico: calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy; D. Pollard: ice-sheet-model data interpretation and integration; J. Reed: core description and visualization; C.R.: diatom biostratigraphy and environmental interpretation; I.R.: palynology and environmental interpretation; D.S.: core and borehole description and structural geology; L.S.: palaeomagnetic stratigraphy and age-model construction; C.S.: diatom biostratigraphy and environmental interpretation; P.S.: foram biostratigraphy and environmental interpretation; M.T.: macrofossil biostratigraphy and environmental interpretation; S.V.: subglacial geological interpretation; T. Wilch: core description and interpretation of volcaniclastic sediments; T. Williams: borehole description and down-hole geophysics.
      add - notemp
  107. nanoinjector
  108. nanomagnets
  109. nanoscientists
    • 2009 March 18, Stefano Tonzani, “A romp through science fiction”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/458286a, page 286: 
      The book fills gaps that most nanoscientists have in their knowledge about the history of a field that has evolved so fast as to effectively obscure its founders.
      add - notemp
  110. neontological
  111. neuroglobin
  112. neuroglobins
  113. nucellar
  114. oligodeoxyribonucleotides
  115. organotypic
  116. ornithischian
  117. ornithischians
  118. orogens
  119. orthovanadate
    • 2009 March 19, Seok-Jin R. Lee et al., “Activation of CaMKII in single dendritic spines during long-term potentiation”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07842, pages 299-304: 
      Cells were lysed in a buffer containing 20 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.4, 137 mM NaCl, 0.5% deoxycholic acid, 25 mM -glycerophosphate, 1 mM sodium orthovanadate, 2 mM sodium pyrophosphate, 2 mM EDTA, 1 mM sodium fluoride, 0.5 mM dithiothreitol, EDTA-free protease inhibitor cocktail (Roche) and incubated for 30 min at 4 °C. The supernatants were collected after a 30 min microfugal centrifugation at 14,000g at 4 °C. After precleaning with protein A-Sepharose (Sigma), samples were incubated with 5 g per sample of mouse monoclonal anti-Green Fluorescent Protein antibody (MBL) or mouse non-immune IgG (Jackson Laboratories) at 4 °C overnight.
      add - notemp
  120. pachyosteosclerosis
    • 2009 March 19, J. G. M. Thewissen et al., “Thewissen et al. reply”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07775: 
      Osteosclerosis, but not pachyostosis, of the limbs occurs in hippopotamids, raoellids and pakicetids, whereas pachyosteosclerosis of the bulla occurs in raoellids and pakicetids, but not in hippopotamids.
      add - notemp
  121. pachyostosis
    • 2009 March 19, J. G. M. Thewissen et al., “Thewissen et al. reply”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07775: 
      Geisler and Theodor 1 further elaborate on our results by discussing the origin of osteosclerosis of limbs and bulla, calling this process pachyostosis (for definitions, see refs 5 , 6 ).
      add - notemp
  122. pakicetid
    • 2009 March 19, Jessica M. Theodor Jonathan H. Geisler, “Hippopotamus and whale phylogeny”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07776: 
      These character codings are based on J.H.G.'s examination of pakicetid specimens currently housed at the Department of Anatomy, Northeastern Ohio Universities College of Medicine.
      add - notemp
  123. pakicetids
    • 2009 March 19, J. G. M. Thewissen et al., “Thewissen et al. reply”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07775: 
      Osteosclerosis, but not pachyostosis, of the limbs occurs in hippopotamids, raoellids and pakicetids, whereas pachyosteosclerosis of the bulla occurs in raoellids and pakicetids, but not in hippopotamids.
      add - notemp
  124. paramomycin
  125. pectolyase
  126. pentacoordinate
    • 2009 March 19, Ronald L. Koder et al., “Design and engineering of an O2 transport protein”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07841, pages 305-309: 
      Detailed analysis of time-resolved spectra in the flash experiments is consistent with a rapid exponential phase due to a change in pentacoordinate haem conformation (see Fig. 3b ), similar to that reported for myoglobin 46 .
      add - notemp
  127. phenomics
  128. photoactivated
  129. pockels
  130. polychotomy
    • 2009 March 19, J. G. M. Thewissen et al., “Thewissen et al. reply”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07775: 
      In the Appendix, a large polychotomy lies at the base of the raoellid–cetacean clade in the equally weighted analysis.
      add - notemp
  131. postpubis
  132. precleaning
    • 2009 March 19, Seok-Jin R. Lee et al., “Activation of CaMKII in single dendritic spines during long-term potentiation”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07842, pages 299-304: 
      Cells were lysed in a buffer containing 20 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.4, 137 mM NaCl, 0.5% deoxycholic acid, 25 mM -glycerophosphate, 1 mM sodium orthovanadate, 2 mM sodium pyrophosphate, 2 mM EDTA, 1 mM sodium fluoride, 0.5 mM dithiothreitol, EDTA-free protease inhibitor cocktail (Roche) and incubated for 30 min at 4 °C. The supernatants were collected after a 30 min microfugal centrifugation at 14,000g at 4 °C. After precleaning with protein A-Sepharose (Sigma), samples were incubated with 5 g per sample of mouse monoclonal anti-Green Fluorescent Protein antibody (MBL) or mouse non-immune IgG (Jackson Laboratories) at 4 °C overnight.
      add - notemp
  133. predentary
  134. preferentiality
  135. premaxilla
  136. premaxillary
  137. preorbital
  138. proglacial
    • 2009 March 19, T. Naish et al., “Obliquity-paced Pliocene West Antarctic ice sheet oscillations”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07867, pages 322-328: 
      (2) An interval of grounding-zone deposition comprising conglomerates and poorly sorted stratified sandstones together with stratified diamictite represent a range of basal meltwater conditions observed from subpolar to polar environments 34 , and are associated with glacimarine processes including subglacial meltwater outwash, proglacial debris-flow deposition, and iceberg rainout.
      add - notemp
  139. protofeathered
  140. pseudonymization
    • 2009 March 18, “Health highway”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/458259b, pages 259-260: 
      Anonymization and pseudonymization, in which identities are masked but all data can still be ascribed to respective individuals, protect individuals while enabling research, but how should such measures best be implemented?
      add - notemp
  141. pygostylian
  142. quadrate *
  143. quartzites
  144. quasielastic
  145. rhamphorhynchoid
  146. rhyolitic
  147. roadmaps
    • 2009 March 18, Stefano Tonzani, “A romp through science fiction”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/458286a, page 286: 
      His analysis also takes too literally the timetables and roadmaps contained in grant proposals and the like; documents that scientists consider to be indicative rather than prescriptive.
      add - notemp
  148. rostrodorsal
  149. sandstones
    • 2009 March 19, T. Naish et al., “Obliquity-paced Pliocene West Antarctic ice sheet oscillations”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07867, pages 322-328: 
      (2) An interval of grounding-zone deposition comprising conglomerates and poorly sorted stratified sandstones together with stratified diamictite represent a range of basal meltwater conditions observed from subpolar to polar environments 34 , and are associated with glacimarine processes including subglacial meltwater outwash, proglacial debris-flow deposition, and iceberg rainout.
      add - notemp
  150. skeletally
    • 2009 March 18, Lawrence M. Witmer, “Dinosaurs: Fuzzy origins for feathers”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/458293a, pages 293-295: 
      Still, it wasn't completely unexpected, in that these dinosaurs are representatives of the theropod group, Maniraptora, that is skeletally the most bird-like, and from which birds are widely thought to have evolved.
      add - notemp
  151. stylar
  152. subchrons
  153. surangular
  154. synergid
  155. tetraalkylammonium
  156. tetraethylammonium
  157. tetravalency
  158. therizinosauroid
    • 2009 March 18, Lawrence M. Witmer, “Dinosaurs: Fuzzy origins for feathers”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/458293a, pages 293-295: 
      These filaments are evident in some theropods such as Caudipteryx that have true pennaceous feathers, but are also found in a range of other theropods that lack definitive feathers, such as the basal coelurosaur Sinosauropteryx, the therizinosauroid Beipiaosaurus and the basal tyrannosauroid Dilong 3, 4, 10 .
      add - notemp
  159. theropodan
  160. titred
  161. tonalite
  162. triethylammonium
    • 2009 March 19, Chin-Fa Lee et al., “Hybrid organic–inorganic rotaxanes and molecular shuttles”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07847, pages 314-318: 
      By shortening the spacer between the ammonium units on the thread from twelve ( 3b ) to six methylene groups ( 3a )—which is too short to allow heterometallic rings to reside simultaneously on both ammonium sites—and adding (chloromethyl)triethylammonium chloride to the reaction, we were able to form a [2]rotaxane with one heterometallic ring on a thread with two ammonium groups, 4a , in 33% yield (Fig. 3 ).
      add - notemp
  163. tyrannosauroid
    • 2009 March 18, Lawrence M. Witmer, “Dinosaurs: Fuzzy origins for feathers”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/458293a, pages 293-295: 
      These filaments are evident in some theropods such as Caudipteryx that have true pennaceous feathers, but are also found in a range of other theropods that lack definitive feathers, such as the basal coelurosaur Sinosauropteryx, the therizinosauroid Beipiaosaurus and the basal tyrannosauroid Dilong 3, 4, 10 .
      add - notemp
  164. unbioturbated
  165. unconserved
    • 2009 March 18, “Genomics: Big is beautiful”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/458263a, page 263: 
      Eisen's group sequenced various loci from four species of tephritid — 'true' fruitflies — which have large genomes containing islands of conserved non-coding DNA sandwiched between unconserved stretches.
      add - notemp
  166. uncrosslinked
  167. unrecombined
  168. unrelaxed
    • 2009 March 19, Ronald L. Koder et al., “Design and engineering of an O2 transport protein”, Nature, volume 458, number 7236, DOI:10.1038/nature07841, pages 305-309: 
      Apparent CO binding rates from photolysis are 20 times faster than that reported by stopped flow, indicating that shortly after photolysis bis-histidine ferrous 6 may be in a relatively unrelaxed 'open' state, prone to histidine dissociation and CO rebinding, compared to the dark, equilibrium, resting 'closed' state 30 .
      add - notemp
  169. vinylporphyrins
  170. volcanological
  171. warmings

Sequestered[edit]

  1. carbonmonoxy