User:Visviva/Science 20090123

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
← Previous (2009-01-16) Words harvested from Science, 2009-01-23
  • List status: open
→ Next (2009-01-30)

This is a list of lowercase non-hyphenated single words found in the 2009-01-23 issue of Science which did not have English entries in the English Wiktionary when this list was created.

[ see all Science pages ] - [ see all tracking lists ]

63585 tokens ‧ 49678 valid lowercase tokens ‧ 6449 types ‧ 135 (~ 2.093%) words before cleaning ‧ 

2009-01-23[edit]

  1. ancilla
    • 2009 January 23, Ryo Okamoto et al., “An Entanglement Filter[1], Science, volume 323, number 5913, DOI:10.1126/science.1167182: 
      The filter achieves this two-qubit filtering effect by using two ancilla photons as probes that detect whether or not the two input photons are in the desired states.
      add - notemp
  2. antiregulatory
  3. archaeogenetic
  4. archaeogenetics
  5. autapses
  6. avidities
  7. beamsplitter
    • 2009 January 23, S. Olmschenk et al., “Quantum Teleportation Between Distant Matter Qubits[7], Science, volume 323, number 5913, DOI:10.1126/science.1167209: 
      where | blue and | red are single photon states having well-resolved frequencies blue and red , each with a bandwidth of 1/(2 ) 20 MHz and frequency difference v blue – v red = 14. 7 GHz. The outputs of the fibers are directed to interfere at a 50:50 nonpolarizing beamsplitter, with a measured mode overlap greater than 98%.
      add - notemp
  8. biolaminated
  9. biosignature
  10. chemolithotrophic
  11. cladogenesis
  12. clonally
  13. coinfected
  14. complexin
  15. cosegregated
  16. covarion
  17. cryoelectron
  18. cryomicrographs
  19. cryosectioning
    • 2009 January 23, Grant J. Jensen, “CELL BIOLOGY: Protein Filaments Caught in the Act[19], Science, volume 323, number 5913, DOI:10.1126/science.1169829: 
      Similar cryosectioning approaches may allow images of the proteins FtsZ, MreB, MinCDE, and other putative cytoskeletal machinery in E. coli to be obtained (although each will present its own special challenges because of their different abundances, positions, curvature, and sizes).
      add - notemp
  20. cryosections
  21. cryotomographic
  22. cryotomography
  23. cynomolgus
  24. cytolysins
  25. dendrochronological
  26. dessication
  27. desynchronized
  28. diebacks
  29. diffusionist
  30. dissociatively
  31. domoic
  32. embedment
    • 2009 January 23, Grant J. Jensen, “CELL BIOLOGY: Protein Filaments Caught in the Act[32], Science, volume 323, number 5913, DOI:10.1126/science.1169829: 
      The key was that the development of cryo-EM methods allowed samples to be imaged frozen in a near-native, lifelike state, thus bypassing the harsh preparative procedures of chemical fixation, dehydration, plastic embedment, and staining required by traditional electron microscopy.
      add - notemp
  33. fermentations
  34. fractionations
    • 2009 January 23, Frances Westall, “GEOCHEMISTRY: Life on an Anaerobic Planet[34], Science, volume 323, number 5913, DOI:10.1126/science.1167220: 
      These signatures--including the remains of cells, cell colonies, and microbial mats; the degraded remnants of organic molecules that once formed the microorganisms; and characteristic isotopic fractionations of carbon and sulfur--are very similar to those produced by modern prokaryotic cells ( 1 ).
      add - notemp
  35. fusogenic
    • 2009 January 23, Thomas C. Sudhof & James E. Rothman, “Membrane Fusion: Grappling with SNARE and SM Proteins[35], Science, volume 323, number 5913, DOI:10.1126/science.1161748: 
      A comprehensive test of hundreds of combinations of SNAREs derived from the yeast genome indicated that the compartmental specificity of the yeast cell correlates in almost every case with the physical chemistry of isolated SNAREs. Only a dozen or so SNARE combinations are fusogenic, corresponding to the known transport processes in the cell ( 19 – 21 ); hence, SNAREs can impart considerable specificity to membrane fusion.
      add - notemp
  36. generativist
  37. geoethane
  38. geomethane
    • 2009 January 23, Giuseppe Etiope & Paolo Ciccioli, “Earth's Degassing: A Missing Ethane and Propane Source[38], Science, volume 323, number 5913, DOI:10.1126/science.1165904: 
      The analysis of a large data set of methane (CH 4 ), ethane, and propane concentrations in surface gas emissions of 238 sites from different geographic and geologic areas, coupled with published estimates of geomethane emissions, suggests that Earth's degassing accounts for at least 17% and 10% of total ethane and propane emissions, respectively.
      add - notemp
  39. geosource
  40. granzyme
  41. hemizygosity
  42. homophily
  43. hypervariable
  44. immunoelectron
  45. inelastically
    • 2009 January 23, Grant J. Jensen, “CELL BIOLOGY: Protein Filaments Caught in the Act[45], Science, volume 323, number 5913, DOI:10.1126/science.1169829: 
      Unfortunately, although these advances have opened a completely new window into the ultrastructure of several bacterial species ( 8 ), they were not immediately applicable to the bacterium Escherichia coli because the high-energy electrons typically used in cryo-EM can only penetrate about 0. 5 µm of biological material before being inelastically scattered (and thus lost to the image).
      add - notemp
  46. innovationist
  47. interatom
  48. interferomters
    • 2009 January 23, Ryo Okamoto et al., “An Entanglement Filter[48], Science, volume 323, number 5913, DOI:10.1126/science.1167182: 
      Such a device has been proposed for photonic qubits ( 5 ); however, the technical requirements to build such a device, an optical circuit with two ancillary photons and multiple quantum gates, requiring both quantum interference and classical interference in several nested interferomters, have been lacking.
      add - notemp
  49. interfilament
  50. intranasally
    • 2009 January 23, Oliver Bannard et al., “Secondary Replicative Function of CD8+ T Cells That Had Developed an Effector Phenotype[50], Science, volume 323, number 5913, DOI:10.1126/science.1166831: 
      To determine whether gzmB expression by CD8 + T cells early during a primary response impairs clonal expansion, mice were infected intranasally with influenza, pulsed with tamoxifen on days 1 and 2 or days 7 and 8 p. i. , and assessed on day 10 p. i. for the presence in the lungs and mediastinal lymph nodes (MLNs) of EYFP + CD8 + T cells that were specific for the H–2D b /nucleoprotein (NP) peptide complex.
      add - notemp
  51. laminations
  52. lexicostatistical
  53. lod
  54. longevities
  55. matrioshkadoll
  56. megabreccia
  57. micromotion
  58. micronemal
  59. micronemes
  60. microseepage
    • 2009 January 23, Giuseppe Etiope & Paolo Ciccioli, “Earth's Degassing: A Missing Ethane and Propane Source[60], Science, volume 323, number 5913, DOI:10.1126/science.1165904: 
      Recent research suggests that geologic sources of methane (CH 4 ), including gas manifestations and microseepage from petroliferous (sedimentary) and geothermal areas, represent the second most important natural emission of this gas to the troposphere, after wetlands ( 4 – 6 ).
      add - notemp
  61. microunits
  62. mixings
    • 2009 January 23, Ch. Bressler et al., “Femtosecond XANES Study of the Light-Induced Spin Crossover Dynamics in an Iron(II) Complex[62], Science, volume 323, number 5913, DOI:10.1126/science.1165733: 
      McCusker and co-workers ( 6 ) proposed that the 1 MLCT state relaxes to a manifold of strongly mixed singlet and triplet MC states down to the quintet state, the latter being considered to be the only one clearly defined by its spin quantum number S. However, the steady-state spectroscopic studies of Hauser and coworkers ( 2 ) point to a clear classification of all MC states according to their spin character, thus excluding strong state mixings.
      add - notemp
  63. morphants
  64. multicollisional
  65. multipass
  66. nonabsorptive
    • 2009 January 23, Sonke Szidat, “ATMOSPHERE: Sources of Asian Haze[66], Science, volume 323, number 5913, DOI:10.1126/science.1169407: 
      Organic carbon contains lighter, nonabsorptive organic compounds, which are directly emitted or formed by atmospheric oxidation of precursor gases ( 5 , 6 ); both anthropogenic and biogenic sources are known.
      add - notemp
  67. noncatastrophic
  68. nonclassically
  69. nonconservative
  70. nonfossil
  71. nonfusogenic
  72. noninducing
  73. nonlocally
    • 2009 January 23, Ryo Okamoto et al., “An Entanglement Filter[73], Science, volume 323, number 5913, DOI:10.1126/science.1167182: 
      Filters that act on the quantum correlations associated with entanglement must operate nonlocally on multiple quantum systems, typically two-level qubits.
      add - notemp
  74. nonpolarizing
    • 2009 January 23, S. Olmschenk et al., “Quantum Teleportation Between Distant Matter Qubits[74], Science, volume 323, number 5913, DOI:10.1126/science.1167209: 
      where | blue and | red are single photon states having well-resolved frequencies blue and red , each with a bandwidth of 1/(2 ) 20 MHz and frequency difference v blue – v red = 14. 7 GHz. The outputs of the fibers are directed to interfere at a 50:50 nonpolarizing beamsplitter, with a measured mode overlap greater than 98%.
      add - notemp
  75. nonstructured
  76. nonsynonymous
  77. nonsyntaxin
    • 2009 January 23, Thomas C. Sudhof & James E. Rothman, “Membrane Fusion: Grappling with SNARE and SM Proteins[77], Science, volume 323, number 5913, DOI:10.1126/science.1161748: 
      In sum, the universal fusion machinery ( Fig. 3C ) consists of a v-SNARE protein and a t-SNARE complex, the latter comprising a syntaxin "heavy chain" with one or two associated nonsyntaxin SNARE "light chains," and a cognate SM protein bound to the N terminus of the syntaxin.
      add - notemp
  78. nucleophilically
  79. ookinetes
  80. overallocated
  81. parasitophorous
  82. photosynthesizers
  83. postclamping
    • 2009 January 23, Claudio G. Giraudo et al., “Alternative Zippering as an On-Off Switch for SNARE-Mediated Fusion[83], Science, volume 323, number 5913, DOI:10.1126/science.1166500: 
      Peptides coding for the N- or C-terminal half of the SNARE motif (helical region) of VAMP2 (V N peptide and V C peptide, respectively) were added to the flipped-SNARE cell fusion reaction before the commencement of the reaction (preclamping) or only during the fusion recovery by phosphatidylinositol–phospholipase C (PI-PLC) and SYT-I or Ca (postclamping), and their corresponding effects were measured as the percentage of CPX-I–expressing cells that fused.
      add - notemp
  84. postfusion
  85. postselection
  86. ppbv
    • 2009 January 23, Giuseppe Etiope & Paolo Ciccioli, “Earth's Degassing: A Missing Ethane and Propane Source[86], Science, volume 323, number 5913, DOI:10.1126/science.1165904: 
      However, the released gas always contains small amounts of light alkanes, mainly ethane and propane, which are present at hundreds or thousands of parts per million by volume (ppmv) in petroleum gas (sometimes exceeding 1% in thermogenic gas and oil seeps) and at parts per billion by volume (ppbv) in geothermal and volcanic manifestations.
      add - notemp
  87. ppmv
    • 2009 January 23, Giuseppe Etiope & Paolo Ciccioli, “Earth's Degassing: A Missing Ethane and Propane Source[87], Science, volume 323, number 5913, DOI:10.1126/science.1165904: 
      However, the released gas always contains small amounts of light alkanes, mainly ethane and propane, which are present at hundreds or thousands of parts per million by volume (ppmv) in petroleum gas (sometimes exceeding 1% in thermogenic gas and oil seeps) and at parts per billion by volume (ppbv) in geothermal and volcanic manifestations.
      add - notemp
  88. preclamping
    • 2009 January 23, Claudio G. Giraudo et al., “Alternative Zippering as an On-Off Switch for SNARE-Mediated Fusion[88], Science, volume 323, number 5913, DOI:10.1126/science.1166500: 
      Peptides coding for the N- or C-terminal half of the SNARE motif (helical region) of VAMP2 (V N peptide and V C peptide, respectively) were added to the flipped-SNARE cell fusion reaction before the commencement of the reaction (preclamping) or only during the fusion recovery by phosphatidylinositol–phospholipase C (PI-PLC) and SYT-I or Ca (postclamping), and their corresponding effects were measured as the percentage of CPX-I–expressing cells that fused.
      add - notemp
  89. pronephric
  90. propidium
  91. quasiparallel
  92. ramularia
  93. reencounter
    • 2009 January 23, Sonia Feau & Stephen P. Schoenberger, “IMMUNOLOGY: Ex Uno Plura[93], Science, volume 323, number 5913, DOI:10.1126/science.1169409: 
      Cytotoxic effector memory T cells act as sentinels in the blood and peripheral tissues where reinfection is most likely to occur, and central memory T cells in the secondary lymphoid organs undergo a second round of clonal expansion upon reencounter of their inducing antigen ( 3 ).
      add - notemp
  94. reencountered
    • 2009 January 23, Sonia Feau & Stephen P. Schoenberger, “IMMUNOLOGY: Ex Uno Plura[94], Science, volume 323, number 5913, DOI:10.1126/science.1169409: 
      Our long-term health and survival depend on the ability of a subset of T cells (CD8 + ) to quickly generate a potent population of effector T cells that can limit an ongoing infection, as well as memory T cells that provide long-term immunity should the same pathogens be reencountered.
      add - notemp
  95. resedimented
  96. rf
  97. schoolers
  98. segregants
  99. septoria
  100. silvicultural
    • 2009 January 23, Phillip J. van Mantgem et al., “Widespread Increase of Tree Mortality Rates in the Western United States[100], Science, volume 323, number 5913, DOI:10.1126/science.1165000: 
      The plots were originally established for diverse purposes—such as to investigate different stages of forest development, document dynamics of certain forest types, explore forest dynamics along environmental gradients, or act as controls for silvicultural experiments [see references in ( 10 )]—that are unlikely to produce bias relative to our study's goals.
      add - notemp
  101. streamflow
  102. stymieing
  103. subpicosecond
  104. successional
  105. superatomic
  106. superclamp
  107. superclamping
  108. superpositions
    • 2009 January 23, Ryo Okamoto et al., “An Entanglement Filter[108], Science, volume 323, number 5913, DOI:10.1126/science.1167182: 
      Because diagonal polarizations are coherent superpositions of horizontal and vertical polarizations , two diagonally, polarized photons have a well-defined coherence between their | HH and | VV components that determines whether their diagonal polarizations are parallel (+) [that is, | PP /| MM = 1/2(| HH + | VV ±...
      add - notemp
  109. supratidal
    • 2009 January 23, Frances Westall, “GEOCHEMISTRY: Life on an Anaerobic Planet[109], Science, volume 323, number 5913, DOI:10.1126/science.1167220: 
      Biolaminated sediments, for instance, are formed by the rhythmic alternation of sticky photosynthetic microbial mats, formed on the surfaces of inter- to supratidal sediments, and intervening layers of sediment ( 19 , 20 ) (see the figure).
      add - notemp
  110. tachyzoites
  111. uncombusted
  112. unmanaged
  113. wishfulness

Sequestered[edit]