User:Visviva/Science 20090130

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This is a list of lowercase non-hyphenated single words found in the 2009-01-30 issue of Science which did not have English entries in the English Wiktionary when this list was created.

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62594 tokens ‧ 49095 valid lowercase tokens ‧ 6149 types ‧ 122 (~ 1.984%) words before cleaning ‧ 

2009-01-30[edit]

  1. actinin
  2. ambipolar
  3. anticorrelation
  4. antinodal
    • 2009 January 30, R. A. Cooper et al., “Anomalous Criticality in the Electrical Resistivity of La2-xSrxCuO4”, Science:
      By tracking the evolution of the in-plane resistivity from the overdoped side, we have uncovered a change in the electrical transport at p = p c that appears to coincide with the onset of incoherence (at the antinodal regions), thus offering a possible explanation for its precise location in the cuprate phase diagram and the subsequent reduction in the strength of the superconductivity with lowering carrier concentration.
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  5. apo
  6. autocatalyst
  7. avidinated
  8. bibliometry
    • 2009 January 30, Hagen, “Credit for Coauthors”, Science, page 583:
      Sekercioglu's letter highlights the need for a critical reappraisal of the way modern bibliometry allocates publication credit ( 3 ).
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  9. bioenergetically
    • 2009 January 30, B. Schoepp-Cothenet et al., Science[1], page 583:
      The resulting operating potential of the As(III)/As(V) couple is therefore not likely to substantially exceed 0 mV (versus standard hydrogen electrode), rendering it bioenergetically useful only as an acceptor for rather low potential substrates.
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  10. cobaltocenium
    • 2009 January 30, Brandi M. Cossairt et al., “Facile Synthesis of AsP3”, Science, page 602:
      Solution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy ( 31 P, 13 C, and 1 H) studies of [P 3 Nb(ODipp) 3 ] – salts are consistent with the structural assignment, with the 31 P NMR data [singlets at a chemical shift, , of –206 and –170 parts per million (ppm) for the sodium and cobaltocenium salts, respectively] serving as spectroscopic signatures of this system ( 5 ).
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  11. cobinding
  12. copurifying
  13. cyberworld
  14. cytodomains
    • 2009 January 30, Armando del Rio et al., “Stretching Single Talin Rod Molecules Activates Vinculin Binding”, Science:
      The globular head of talin contains a FERM (4.1/ezrin/radixin/moesin) domain that binds and activates β-integrin cytodomains ( 6 ), whereas the talin rod (TR) contains up to 11 vinculin binding sites (VBSs) ( 7 ).
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  15. cytoskeletally
  16. dc
  17. dealloying
  18. decorrelating
    • 2009 January 30, Ting Yu & J. H. Eberly, “Sudden Death of Entanglement”, Science:
      Quantum and classical correlations alike always decay as a result of noisy backgrounds and decorrelating agents that reside in ambient environments ( 5 ), so the degradation of entanglement shared by two or more parties is unavoidable ( 6 – 9 ).
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  19. decorrelation
    • 2009 January 30, Ting Yu & J. H. Eberly, “Sudden Death of Entanglement”, Science:
      The issue of how to avoid ESD-type decorrelation in a realistic physical system is incompletely resolved at this time.
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  20. desynchronized
  21. diamondlike
    • 2009 January 30, D. C. Elias et al., “Control of Graphene's Properties by Reversible Hydrogenation: Evidence for Graphane”, Science:
      Although the majority of carbon bonds in hydrogenated graphene are expected to acquire sp 3 hybridization, we do not expect to see any Raman signature of C-C sp 3 bonds because their cross section at visible light excitation is negligible as compared with that of the resonant C-C sp 2 bonds, and therefore even a small residual sp 2 phase should generally dominate our spectra, as happens in other diamondlike compounds ( 22 , 29 ).
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  22. dissimilatory
    • 2009 January 30, R. S. Oremland et al., Science[2], page 583:
      ( 1 ) challenge our conclusions regarding dissimilatory arsenic reduction on primordial Earth ( 2 ).
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  23. dissipative
    • 2009 January 30, Ting Yu & J. H. Eberly, “Sudden Death of Entanglement”, Science:
      An example of an ESD event is provided by the weakly dissipative process of spontaneous emission, if the dissipation is "shared" by two atoms ( Fig. 1 ).
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  24. dyskerin
    • 2009 January 30, Andrew S. Venteicher et al., “A Human Telomerase Holoenzyme Protein Required for Cajal Body Localization and Telomere Synthesis”, Science:
      The telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) and the telomerase RNA component (TERC) comprise the minimal catalytic core of the telomerase enzyme ( 1 ), whereas dyskerin is an RNA-binding protein that recognizes the H/ACA sequence motif shared by TERC and two groups of noncoding RNAs involved in RNA modification: small Cajal body RNAs (scaRNAs) and small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) ( 2 , 3 ).
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  25. efficacies
  26. epistatically
  27. ethylmethane
  28. expansins
  29. ezrin
    • 2009 January 30, Armando del Rio et al., “Stretching Single Talin Rod Molecules Activates Vinculin Binding”, Science:
      The globular head of talin contains a FERM (4.1/ezrin/radixin/moesin) domain that binds and activates β-integrin cytodomains ( 6 ), whereas the talin rod (TR) contains up to 11 vinculin binding sites (VBSs) ( 7 ).
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  30. ferroin
  31. filamin
  32. fosmids
  33. fyborgs
    • 2009 January 30, Ralph Adolphs, “NEUROSCIENCE: Who Are We?”, Science, page 585:
      For instance, the last chapter includes, sandwiched between discussions of fyborgs (functional cyborgs) and cyborgs, a wonderful 5-page introduction to cellular neurophysiology to help readers understand what follows.
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  34. geodetically
  35. graphane
  36. gregarization
  37. gregarize
    • 2009 January 30, Michael L. Anstey et al., “Serotonin Mediates Behavioral Gregarization Underlying Swarm Formation in Desert Locusts”, Science:
      The locusts injected with the antagonists failed to gregarize in response to either stimulus regime ( Fig. 3A ), in contrast to the saline-injected controls [analysis of variance (ANOVA) of normal rank transformed data, F 1,49 = 17.169, P between stimulus regime and degree of gregarization, F 1,49 = 0.001, P = 0.987].
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  38. haemocoel
  39. hyperpartisanship
    • 2009 January 30, David H. Guston et al., “Scientists Not Immune to Partisanship”, Science, page 582:
      While we may be pleased that the prospects of a new administration in Washington will correct the recent era of hyperpartisanship, we note that in the 1990s it was conservatives who were calling for more "sound science" in policy matters.
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  40. hypomyelination
  41. immunoglobular
    • 2009 January 30, Armando del Rio et al., “Stretching Single Talin Rod Molecules Activates Vinculin Binding”, Science:
      In order to measure the pattern of force-dependent stretching of TR, we designed a DNA construct encoding for I27 2 -T R -I27 2 [TR flanked by two molecules of the I27 (27th immunoglobular domain of human cardiac titin), which has well-characterized mechanical properties ( 17 ) ( Fig. 4A )].
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  42. immunolocalization
  43. intervalley
    • 2009 January 30, D. C. Elias et al., “Control of Graphene's Properties by Reversible Hydrogenation: Evidence for Graphane”, Science:
      The G peak corresponds to optical E 2g phonons at the Brillouin zone center, whereas the D peak is caused by breathing-like modes (corresponding to transverse optical phonons near the K point) and requires a defect for its activation via an intervalley double-resonance Raman process ( 19 , 27 – 29 ).
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  44. intravalley
  45. ketanserin
  46. latrunculin
  47. liganded
    • 2009 January 30, Armando del Rio et al., “Stretching Single Talin Rod Molecules Activates Vinculin Binding”, Science:
      We used magnetic tweezers, total internal reflection fluorescence, and atomic force microscopy to investigate the effect of force on the interaction between talin, a protein that links liganded membrane integrins to the cytoskeleton, and vinculin, a focal adhesion protein that is activated by talin binding, leading to reorganization of the cytoskeleton.
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  48. mastoparan
  49. mbar
  50. mechanosensory
  51. mechanotransducer
    • 2009 January 30, Martin A. Schwartz, “CELL BIOLOGY: The Force Is with Us”, Science:
      Because every component in this chain experiences tension, each one is in principle a potential mechanotransducer.
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  52. metathoracic
  53. methiothepin
  54. methylserotonin
    • 2009 January 30, Michael L. Anstey et al., “Serotonin Mediates Behavioral Gregarization Underlying Swarm Formation in Desert Locusts”, Science:
      In a second experiment, animals injected in the thoracic ganglia with a mixture of two serotonin receptor agonists, 1 mM -methylserotonin ( 20 , 21 ) and 1 mM 5-carboxamidotryptamine ( 16 ), showed a significant shift toward gregarious behavior (median P greg = 0.4) as compared with saline-injected controls after 1 hour [median P greg = 0.13; Mann-Whitney U = 63, n = 30 locusts, P= 0.042 ( Fig. 4B )].
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  55. methyltryptophan
  56. microenvironmental
  57. microexpressions
    • 2009 January 30, Jeffrey Mervis, “SOCIAL SCIENCES: DOD Funds New Views on Conflict With Its First Minerva Grants”, Science:
      A longtime collaborator with psychologist Paul Ekman in his work on microexpressions, Masumoto has helped train airport screeners for the Transportation Security Administration and has worked with several DOD agencies over the years on what he calls "behavior-detection techniques."
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  58. microform
    • 2009 January 30, Audra J. Wolfe, “SCIENCE COMMUNICATION: Faulty Transmission”, Science:
      W riting a history of print journalism is a fairly straightforward process: microform and now digital collections have made even obscure, short-lived publications widely available.
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  59. moesin
    • 2009 January 30, Armando del Rio et al., “Stretching Single Talin Rod Molecules Activates Vinculin Binding”, Science:
      The globular head of talin contains a FERM (4.1/ezrin/radixin/moesin) domain that binds and activates β-integrin cytodomains ( 6 ), whereas the talin rod (TR) contains up to 11 vinculin binding sites (VBSs) ( 7 ).
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  60. nanograined
  61. nanotwinned
  62. noncooperatively
  63. nondivergence
    • 2009 January 30, R. A. Cooper et al., “Anomalous Criticality in the Electrical Resistivity of La2-xSrxCuO4”, Science:
      It is important to note that none of the main findings of this study—the ubiquity of the T -linear term, the nondivergence of 2 , the position of the kink, nor the value of 1 at p = p c —are dependent on the type of dual-component analysis used.
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  64. nonoscillatory
  65. nonscientists
    • 2009 January 30, Audra J. Wolfe, “SCIENCE COMMUNICATION: Faulty Transmission”, Science:
      That Davis's contributions--theme music, introductions by nonscientists, interviews instead of straight lectures--were seen as radical gives some indication of how tedious early science radio programming must have been.
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  66. nonsignificant
  67. nonsuperconducting
  68. nonuniformity
  69. nonvolcanic
  70. onco
    • 2009 January 30, Rachel Zelkowitz, “CANCER: HPV Casts a Wider Shadow”, Science:
      One published in 1995 by R. D. Steenbergen and colleagues at the Free University Hospital in Amsterdam showed that HPV 16 was integrated and its onco proteins were expressed in an oral cancer tumor cell line.
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  71. overdamped
    • 2009 January 30, Ting Yu & J. H. Eberly, “Sudden Death of Entanglement”, Science:
      The same two-atom situation shown in Fig. 1 can be made relevant to anti-ESD. In solving for the surface of solutions plotted in Fig. 2 , the cavities were taken as fully overdamped, so that any photon emitted by either atom was irreversibly absorbed by the walls, but they could also be treated as undamped mirror-like cavities, such as used in the Jaynes-Cummings (JC) model for light-atom interactions ( 32 ).
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  72. overdoped
  73. paleogeochemical
    • 2009 January 30, B. Schoepp-Cothenet et al., Science[3], page 583:
      We challenge this conclusion by Kulp et al . based on the following paleogeochemical, bioenergetic, and phylogenetic arguments.
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  74. periphyton
    • 2009 January 30, R. S. Oremland et al., Science[4], page 583:
      Indeed, the tight coupling of As(V) reduction/As(III) oxidation has been seen in periphyton samples ( 5 ) and salt-saturated anoxic sediments from Searles Lake ( 6 ).
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  75. physisorbed
  76. piconewton
    • 2009 January 30, Martin A. Schwartz, “CELL BIOLOGY: The Force Is with Us”, Science:
      show that application of force at the piconewton level results in unfolding of the talin rod domain and binding of vinculin, thus confirming this key prediction.
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  77. polyprotein
  78. pontin
  79. postzygotic
  80. preequilibrium
  81. premitotic
  82. prespin
    • 2009 January 30, Julie C. Friedland et al., “Mechanically Activated Integrin Switch Controls {alpha}5{beta}1 Function”, Science:
      To determine whether a state shift occurred when tension was applied, cells were allowed to adhere for 60 min (prespin) or incubated for 60 min and spun 5 min, which would apply tension to adhesive bonds by pulling on the cell (post spin) ( Fig. 1C ).
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  83. promyelinating
  84. promyelination
  85. pseudogapped
    • 2009 January 30, R. A. Cooper et al., “Anomalous Criticality in the Electrical Resistivity of La2-xSrxCuO4”, Science:
      The temperature-invariant violation of the Planckian dissipation limit then provides a possible explanation as to why the pseudogap itself is a non–states-conserving gap ( 3 , 33 ): In contrast to a conventional (Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer) superconducting gap where the full density of states is recovered above the (two-particle) gap energy, pseudogapped states near ( , 0) are effectively removed at all energies up to the bandwidth ( 38 ) or the Coulomb energy ( 39 ).
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  86. qutrit
    • 2009 January 30, Ting Yu & J. H. Eberly, “Sudden Death of Entanglement”, Science:
      There is still no known finite algorithm for answering the simple-seeming question of whether a given mixed state is entangled or not, if it refers to more than two systems, and it is answerable for two mixed-state systems only in the case of pairs of qubits (as we have been discussing) and the case of one qubit and one qutrit (a three-state system such as spin-1).
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  87. radixin
    • 2009 January 30, Armando del Rio et al., “Stretching Single Talin Rod Molecules Activates Vinculin Binding”, Science:
      The globular head of talin contains a FERM (4.1/ezrin/radixin/moesin) domain that binds and activates β-integrin cytodomains ( 6 ), whereas the talin rod (TR) contains up to 11 vinculin binding sites (VBSs) ( 7 ).
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  88. reptin
  89. ruthenate
    • 2009 January 30, R. A. Cooper et al., “Anomalous Criticality in the Electrical Resistivity of La2-xSrxCuO4”, Science:
      Similar behavior is exhibited in the quasi-2D heavy-fermion compound CeCoIn 5 , where the QCP coincides with the upper critical field H c2 ( 14 ), and in the bilayer ruthenate Sr 3 Ru 2 O 7 ( 2 ), where the QCP coincides with a metamagnetic transition.
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  90. scatterers
    • 2009 January 30, D. C. Elias et al., “Control of Graphene's Properties by Reversible Hydrogenation: Evidence for Graphane”, Science:
      Still, the recovery was not complete: Graphene remained p-doped, the QHE did not restore at filling factors larger than ±2 (compare Figure 1, B and F ), and zero– B field conductivity (=1/ ) became a sublinear function of n , which indicates an increased number of short-range scatterers ( 23 ).
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  91. semidry
  92. solitarious
  93. solitariously
  94. spongelike
  95. sublinear
    • 2009 January 30, D. C. Elias et al., “Control of Graphene's Properties by Reversible Hydrogenation: Evidence for Graphane”, Science:
      Still, the recovery was not complete: Graphene remained p-doped, the QHE did not restore at filling factors larger than ±2 (compare Figure 1, B and F ), and zero– B field conductivity (=1/ ) became a sublinear function of n , which indicates an increased number of short-range scatterers ( 23 ).
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  96. submillisecond
  97. supervulnerability
    • 2009 January 30, Ting Yu & J. H. Eberly, “Sudden Death of Entanglement”, Science:
      This illustrates the "supervulnerability" of paired-qubit entanglement when attacked by different independent noises.
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  98. talin
    • 2009 January 30, Martin A. Schwartz, “CELL BIOLOGY: The Force Is with Us”, Science:
      Integrins form this connection in part by binding the cytoskeletal protein talin, which binds actin directly, as well as by recruiting the cytoskeletal protein vinculin, which also binds actin ( 9 ).
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  99. titin
    • 2009 January 30, Armando del Rio et al., “Stretching Single Talin Rod Molecules Activates Vinculin Binding”, Science:
      In order to measure the pattern of force-dependent stretching of TR, we designed a DNA construct encoding for I27 2 -T R -I27 2 [TR flanked by two molecules of the I27 (27th immunoglobular domain of human cardiac titin), which has well-characterized mechanical properties ( 17 ) ( Fig. 4A )].
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  100. tonsillar
    • 2009 January 30, Rachel Zelkowitz, “CANCER: HPV Casts a Wider Shadow”, Science:
      Molecular studies have identified strain 16 of the human papilloma virus in oral cancers, such as this tonsillar tumor.
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  101. transchromosomal
  102. transluminal
  103. tunicamycin
  104. underdamped
    • 2009 January 30, Ting Yu & J. H. Eberly, “Sudden Death of Entanglement”, Science:
      An early mathematical model of two-qubit evolution ( 11 ) can be interpreted as treating an underdamped cavity and also shows rebirths.
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  105. underdoped
  106. underdoping
    • 2009 January 30, R. A. Cooper et al., “Anomalous Criticality in the Electrical Resistivity of La2-xSrxCuO4”, Science:
      There are two competing scenarios describing the effect of the pseudogap on the Fermi surface in cuprates: one involving Fermi surface reconstruction into hole and electron pockets ( 27 ) and the other involving Fermi surface degradation into a series of disconnected Fermi patches or arcs, centered about the zone diagonals, with an arc length that is progressively reduced upon underdoping ( 28 ).
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  107. unmodeled

Sequestered[edit]