Viking

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See also: viking

English[edit]

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Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A loan from Old Norse víkingr. Already in Old English as wīcing and Old Frisian witsing, wising, but extinct in Middle English and loaned anew in the 19th century.

Old Norse víking (marauding”, “piracy) itself is from Old Norse vík (inlet”, “cove”, “fjord) + -ing (one belonging to”, “one who frequents) (the -r is the nominative desinence). Thus, “one from or who frequents the sea’s inlets”,

The Old English or Anglo-Frisian form, existing therein since at least the eighth century), could also have been derived from or influenced by Old English wīc (camp), on account of the temporary encampments which were often a prominent feature of the Vikings’ raids.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Viking (plural Vikings)

  1. (historical) One of the Scandinavian seafaring warriors that raided (and then settled) the British Isles and other parts of Europe in the 8th to the 11th centuries and, according to many historians, were the first Europeans to reach North America.
  2. (by extension) A stock character common in the fantasy genera, namely a barbarian, generally equipped with an ax or sword and a helmet adorned with horns.
  3. (colloquial) A Norseman (mediaeval Scandinavian).
  4. (American football) A player on the Minnesota Vikings NFL team.

Derived terms[edit]

  • vike (jocular verb)

Translations[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Viking

  1. A town in Alberta, Canada
  2. A city in Minnesota

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Viking” listed in the Oxford English Dictionary [2nd Ed.; 1989]

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse víkingr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Viking m

  1. Viking

Declension[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse víkingr.

Noun[edit]

Viking m (genitive singular Vikinga, nominative plural Vikingovia), declension pattern chlap

  1. Viking

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Viking in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Originally a nickname, appearing in runestones, from Old Norse víkingr (a Viking). Revived as a given name since 1829.

Proper noun[edit]

Viking

  1. A male given name.