Old Norse víking (“marauding”, “piracy”) itself is from Old Norse vík (“inlet”, “cove”, “fjord”) + -ing (“one belonging to”, “one who frequents”) (the -r is the nominative desinence). Thus, “one from or who frequents the sea’s inlets”,
The Old English or Anglo-Frisian form, existing therein since at least the eighth century), could also have been derived from or influenced by Old English wīc (“camp”), on account of the temporary encampments which were often a prominent feature of the Vikings’ raids.
Viking (plural Vikings)
- (historical) One of the Scandinavian seafaring warriors that raided (and then settled) the British Isles and other parts of Europe in the 8th to the 11th centuries and, according to many historians, were the first Europeans to reach North America.
- (by extension) A stock character common in the fantasy genera, a barbarian, generally equipped with an ax and a helmet adorned with horns.
- (American football) A player on the Minnesota Vikings NFL team.
- “Viking” listed in the Oxford English Dictionary [2nd Ed.; 1989]