Wiktionary:About French

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Modern French is a romance language descended from Vulgar Latin via Old French and Middle French. Modern French entries must be attested per Wiktionary:Criteria for inclusion after 1611; before 1612 they are considered to be Middle French. The choice of this year is to align the English Wiktionary with the French Wiktionary on this matter.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • In IPA transcription, the character /ʁ/ should be used to represent the phoneme typically written as ⟨r⟩ or ⟨rr⟩, regardless of the specific phone ([ʁ], [ʀ], [r], [ɾ], [χ], or whatnot) used in a particular region, time period, and/or word.
  • French words are not stressed—or more specifically, stress is not phonemic in French. Stress marks should never appear in French pronunciation transcriptions.
  • As the aspirated h and mute h aren't in the IPA, please use {{fr-asph}} and {{fr-muteh}} to express them.

Parts of speech[edit]

Each French entry should have one or more part-of-speech headers and belong to the corresponding part-of-speech categories. Where possible, the headers Phrase, Idiom, Abbreviation, Initialism and Acronym should be avoided in favor of headers denoting true parts of speech. For example, UE (EU, European Union) is a feminine proper noun, so it should be listed under the Proper noun header and should use the {{fr-proper noun|f}} template.

Verbs[edit]

  • Conjugation templates are available for almost all French verbs. See Category:French headword-line templates and Category:French verb inflection-table templates.
  • Reflexive and pronominal verbs
    • Reflexive forms should be given as separate definition lines on the standard non-reflexive infinitive page, with a {{lb|fr|reflexive}} tag.
    • Reflexive senses that are equivalent to passives should not be given separate definitions (this is a grammatical feature, not lexical feature), except for particularly frequent usages, or those where both verbs tend to translate to an ambitransitive English verb.
    • Pronominal verbs always used in the reflexive forms (s'esclaffer), or otherwise only thinly linked to the transitive meaning (se débrouiller) should use the {{lb|fr|pronominal}} template instead of {{lb|fr|reflexive}}, possibly even {{lb|fr|always|_|pronominal}}.
    • Idioms in the reflexive or pronominal form should be at the pronominal form, even though the verb itself is not.
  • Gérondifs (e.g. "en faisant") are included in conjugation tables but should not have their own entries, because they're always formed by en plus the present participle. Additionally, in the rare event that a gérondif should need to be mentioned, it should be described as the gérondif, with a link to gérondif and a parenthetical explanation along the lines of "the verbal adverb, sometimes called the 'gerund' or 'gerundive'".

Default lemma[edit]

==French==

===Noun===
{{head|fr|plural|g=f-p}}

# {{plural of|table|lang=fr}}

The lang=fr statement links directly to table#French rather than to table (the top of the page).

Plurals of nouns that do not have plural only meanings should be listed in Category:French plurals and not in Category:French nouns. Nouns that have plural only meanings should be listed in both; for example abois is the plural of aboi, but has a plural only meaning, so is also considered a noun.

For adjectives, only the masculine singular is categorized in Category:French adjectives, the feminine singular, masculine plural and feminine plural are categorized in Category:French adjective forms. This true apart from when the feminine singular is identical the the masculine singular; in this case, the entry is classified as an adjective, and its plural as an adjective form. For example, jaune is categorized as an adjective, and jaunes as an adjective form.

Orthography[edit]

Main appendix: Appendix:French spellings

French is only written in the Latin script. Each separate spelling must be attestable per WT:CFI#Attestation. Obsolete and archaic spellings should use the {{obsolete spelling of}} and {{archaic spelling of}} templates, pointing to the most common modern spelling of the word.

  • Accentless forms that are attestable in Early Modern French are allowed when they meet WT:CFI#Attestation, such as siecle which links to siècle.
  • Long s variants are not allowed, as ſ is considered a variation of the letter s not as a separate letter. So ſiecle should be entered as siecle.
  • The ligatures æ and œ are not considered identical to ae and oe. Again, all attestable forms are allowable. Words such as coeur as a variant of cœur are considered nonstandard, as the œ ligature is still recommended in Modern French.

Spelling reform[edit]

Forms added by the 1990 reform of French spelling are given as alternative forms where they are not used much. These reforms affected primarily compound and foreign words, some uses of diacritics, the use of single or double l and t in word endings as well as various aberrant spellings. Every effort should be made to verify which is the most common form in French, for example by searching Google Books.

Dialects[edit]

See Category:Regional French for dialectical differences.

See: Quebec French on Wikipedia for Quebec considerations, and use {{lb|fr|Quebec}} to mark dialectical uses.

Anagrams[edit]

Anagrams conform to Wiktionary:Anagrams and are usually added by a bot. Diacritics, spaces and punctuation are ignored, for example à and â are considered to be a, é è ê and ë are considered to be e, and so on.

Sorting[edit]

In most cases, it is not necessary to add default sorts and sort keys manually, as Module:languages has been written to sort French terms automatically. In alignment with the French Wiktionary, sorting ignores diacritics, commas and apostrophes and considers hyphens to be spaces. This is to maintain a logical alphabetical order, so œuvre is sorted under o and not œ, and -amment is sorted under a not -.

  • à, á and â are to be sorted as a (ä appears in a couple of loanwords as is also to be sorted as a)
  • ç is to be sorted as c
  • è, é, ê and ë are to be sorted as e
  • î and ï are to be sorted as i
  • û, ù and ü are to be sorted as u
  • ÿ (archaic, but still used in some place names) is to be sorted as y
  • æ is to be sorted as ae
  • œ is to be sorted as oe
  • ' (apostrophe) and , (comma) are ignored
  • - (hyphen) is to be sorted as a space ( ) except when a hyphen is used to denote a prefix or suffix, where it is removed from the sorting

All other characters retain their own value. These apply only to categories and templates which categorize, such as {{head}} and {{context}}.

See also[edit]