Wiktionary:Japanese verb inflection-table templates

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Japanese verbs[edit]

Wikipedia

Types of conjugation[edit]

Japanese has two kind of regular verbs; godan and ichidan:

Group I, consonant stem (godan katsuyō)[edit]

The type 1 verb (五段活用) is by far the most common, and it follows a basic conjugation pattern, though it contains a few exceptions (e.g., いらっしゃる).

Ending in う (u): To conjugate the godan verb (, au) meaning "to meet" the template {{Template:ja-go-u}} must be used as such:

{{ja-go-u|会|あ|a}}

Ending in く (ku): To conjugate the godan verb (, kaku) meaning "to draw" the template {{Template:ja-go-ku}} must be used as such:

{{ja-go-ku|描|か|ka}}

Ending in ぐ (gu): To conjugate the godan verb (およ, oyogu) meaning "to swim" the template {{Template:ja-go-gu}} must be used as such:

{{ja-go-gu|泳|およ|oyo}}

Ending in す (su): To conjugate the godan verb (ころ, korosu) meaning "to kill" the template {{Template:ja-go-su}} must be used as such:

{{ja-go-su|殺|ころ|koro}}

Ending in つ (tsu): To conjugate the godan verb (, matsu) meaning "to wait" the template {{Template:ja-go-tsu}} must be used as such:

{{ja-go-tsu|待|ま|ma}}

Ending in ぬ (nu): To conjugate the godan verb (, shinu) meaning "to die" the template {{Template:ja-go-nu}} must be used as such:

{{ja-go-nu|死|し|shi}}

Ending in ぶ (bu): To conjugate the godan verb (, yobu) meaning "to call" the template {{Template:ja-go-bu}} must be used as such:

{{ja-go-bu|呼|よ|yo}}

Ending in む (mu): To conjugate the godan verb (, yomu) meaning "to read" the template {{Template:ja-verbconj}} must be used as such:

{{ja-verbconj|読|よ|yo}}

Ending in る (ru): To conjugate the godan verb (はし, hashiru) meaning "to run" the template {{Template:ja-go-ru}} must be used as such:

{{ja-go-ru|走|はし|hashi}}

Group II, vowel stem (ichidan katsuyō)[edit]

The type 2 verb (上一型 + 下一型) is less common. All type 2 verbs end in る in plain (dictionary) form, and thus the category is often referred to as る-verbs, but nota bene that this does not mean that every verb ending in る (ru) is a group II verb. They frequently drop the final る rather than transforming it when conjugating.

To conjugate the ichidan verb (, miru) meaning "to see" the template {{Template:ja-ichi}} must be used as such:

{{ja-ichi|見|み|mi}}

To conjugate the ichidan verb 食べ (たべ, taberu) meaning "to eat" the template {{Template:ja-ichi}} must be used as such:

{{ja-ichi|食べ|たべ|tabe}}

and so on...

Group III, irregular[edit]

The type 3 verb, or irregular verb consists of the two verbs 来る and する, and all the verbs that are constructed by affixing 〜する to a noun.

To conjugate the irregular verb する (suru) meaning "to do" the template {{Template:ja-suru}} must be used as such:

{{ja-suru|||}}

To conjugate the irregular verb 来る (くる, kuru) meaning "to come" the template {{Template:ja-kuru}} must be used as such:

{{ja-kuru|||}}

There are also irregular forms for many words used in polite language, with a final る becoming い in imperative and polite forms. (e.g. 下さる → 下さい, 下さいます) In addition, the verb くれる have the irregular imperative くれ, and the verb 行く has the irregular conjunctive form 行って.