Wiktionary:Webster 1913/666

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Page 666[edit]

Halo[edit]

Noun[edit]

<plu>pl. <plw>Halos</plw>()</plu>. <ety>[L. <ets>halos</ets>, acc. <ets>halo</ets>, Gr. a thrashing floor, also (from its round shape) the disk of the sun or moon, and later a halo round it; cf. Gr. to enfold, to roll round, L. <ets>volvere</ets>, and E. <ets>voluble</ets>.

  1. A luminous circle, usually prismatically colored, round the sun or moon, and supposed to be caused by the refraction of light through crystals of ice in the atmosphere. Connected with halos there are often white bands, crosses, or arches, resulting from the same atmospheric conditions.
  2. A circle of light; especially, the bright ring represented in painting as surrounding the heads of saints and other holy persons; a glory; a nimbus.
  3. An ideal glory investing, or affecting one's perception of, an object.
  4. A colored circle around a nipple; an areola.

Halo[edit]

Transitive and intransitive verb[edit]

Imperfect and past participle Haloed ;
Present participle: Haloing.]

  1. To form, or surround with, a halo; to encircle with, or as with, a halo.
    Quotations

The fire That haloed round his saintly brow. Sothey.

Haloed[edit]

Adjective[edit]

  1. Surrounded with a halo; invested with an ideal glory; glorified.
    QuotationsSome haloed face bending over me.

C. Bronté.

Halogen[edit]

Noun[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Gr. <grk>"a`ls</grk>, <grk>"alo`s</grk>, salt + <ets>-gen</ets>: cf. F. <ets>halog\'8ane</ets>.

  1. (Chem.): An electro-negative element or radical, which, by combination with a metal, forms a haloid salt; especially, chlorine, bromine, and iodine; sometimes, also, fluorine and cyanogen. See <cref>Chlorine family</cref>, under Chlorine.

Halogenous[edit]

Adjective[edit]

  1. Of the nature of a halogen.

Haloid[edit]

Adjective[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Gr. <grk>"a`ls</grk>, <grk>"alo`s</grk> salt + <ets>-oid</ets>: cf. F. <ets>calde</ets>.

  1. (Chem.): Resembling salt; -- said of certain binary compounds consisting of a metal united to a negative element or radical, and now chiefly applied to the chlorides, bromides, iodides, and sometimes also to the fluorides and cyanides.</def> -- <def2>n. <def>A haloid substance.</def></def2>

Halomancy[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. See Alomancy.

Halometer[edit]

Noun[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Gr. <grk>"a`ls</grk>, <grk>"alo`s</grk>, salt + <ets>-meter</ets>.

  1. An instrument for measuring the forms and angles of salts and crystals; a goniometer.

Halones[edit]

n. pl.

Etymology[edit]

NL., fr. Gr. , , a halo.

  1. (Biol.): Alternating transparent and opaque white rings which are seen outside the blastoderm, on the surface of the developing egg of the hen and other birds.

Halophyte[edit]

Noun[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Gr. <grk>"a`ls</grk>, <grk>"alo`s</grk>, salt + a plant.

  1. (Bot.): A plant found growing in salt marshes, or in the sea.

Haloscope[edit]

Noun[edit]

Etymology[edit]

<ets>Halo</ets> + <ets>-scope</ets>.

  1. An instrument for exhibition or illustration of the phenomena of halos, parhelia, and the like.

Halotrichite[edit]

Noun[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Gr. <grk>"a`ls</grk> sea + <grk>fri`x</grk>, <grk>tricho`s</grk>, hair.

  1. (Min.): An iron alum occurring in silky fibrous aggregates of a yellowish white color.

Haloxyline[edit]

Noun[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Gr. <grk>"a`ls</grk>, <grk>"alo`s</grk>, salt + <grk>xy`lon</grk> wood.

  1. An explosive mixture, consisting of sawdust, charcoal, niter, and ferrocyanide of potassium, used as a substitute for gunpowder.

Halp[edit]

imp. <mord>of Help</mord>. <def>Helped.</def> (Obsolete)

Halpace[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. (Arch.): See <er>Haut pas</er>.

Hals[edit]

Noun[edit]

Etymology[edit]

AS. <ets>heals</ets>; akin to D., G., & Goth. <ets>hals</ets>. See Collar.

  1. The neck or throat.</def> (Obsolete)
    QuotationsDo me hangen by the hals.

Chaucer.

Halse[edit]

Transitive verb[edit]

Etymology[edit]

AS. <ets>healsian</ets>.

  1. To embrace about the neck; to salute; to greet.</def> (Obsolete)
    Quotations

Each other kissed glad And lovely halst. Spenser.

  1. To adjure; to beseech; to entreat.</def> (Obsolete)
    Quotations

O dere child, I halse thee, In virtue of the Holy Trinity. Chaucer.

Halse[edit]

Transitive verb[edit]

Imperfect and past participle Halsed (h?lst);
Present participle: Halsing.]

Etymology[edit]

Cf. Hawser.

  1. To haul; to hoist.</def> (Obsolete)

Halsening[edit]

Adjective[edit]

  1. Sounding harshly in the throat; inharmonious; rough.</def> (Obsolete)

Carew.

Halser[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. See Hawser.

Pope.

Halt[edit]

  1. 3d pers. sing. pres. of Hold, contraction for holdeth.</def> (Obsolete)

Chaucer.

Halt[edit]

Noun[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Formerly <ets>alt</ets>, It. <ets>alto</ets>, G. <ets>halt</ets>, fr. <ets>halten</ets> to hold. See Hold.

  1. A stop in marching or walking, or in any action; arrest of progress.
    Quotations

Without any halt they marched. Clarendon.

  1. Quotations

[Lovers] soon in passion's war contest, Yet in their march soon make a halt. Davenant.

Halt[edit]

Intransitive verb[edit]

Imperfect and past participle Halted;
Present participle: Halting.]

  1. To hold one's self from proceeding; to hold up; to cease progress; to stop for a longer or shorter period; to come to a stop; to stand still.
  2. To stand in doubt whether to proceed, or what to do; to hsitate; to be uncertain.
    Quotations

How long halt ye between two opinions? 1 Kings xviii. 21

Halt[edit]

Transitive verb[edit]

  1. (Mil.): To cause to cease marching; to stop; <as>as, the general <ex>halted</ex> his troops for refreshment</as>.

Halt[edit]

Adjective[edit]

Etymology[edit]

AS. <ets>healt</ets>; akin to OS., Dan., & Sw. <ets>halt</ets>, Icel. <ets>haltr</ets>, <ets>halltr</ets>, Goth. <ets>halts</ets>, OHG. <ets>halz</ets>.

  1. Halting or stopping in walking; lame.
    Quotations

Bring in hither the poor, and the maimed, and the halt, and the blind. Luke xiv. 21.

Halt[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. The act of limping; lameness.

Halt[edit]

Intransitive verb[edit]

Etymology[edit]

OE. <ets>halten</ets>, AS. <ets>healtian</ets>. See Halt, a.

  1. To walk lamely; to limp.
  2. To have an irregular rhythm; to be defective.
    Quotations

The blank verse shall halt for it. Shak.

Halter[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. One who halts or limps a cripple.

Halter[edit]

Noun[edit]

Etymology[edit]

OE. <ets>halter</ets>, <ets>helter</ets>, <ets>helfter</ets>, AS. <ets>hælftre</ets>; akin to G. <ets>halfter</ets>, D. <ets>halfter</ets>, <ets>halster</ets>, and also to E. <ets>helve</ets>. See Helve.

  1. A strong strap or cord. Especially: <sd>(a)</sd> A rope or strap, with or without a headstall, for leading or tying a horse. <sd>(b)</sd> A rope for hanging malefactors; a noose.

Shak.

  1. Quotations

No man e'er felt the halter draw With good opinion of the law. Trumbull.

Halter[edit]

Transitive verb[edit]

Imperfect and past participle Haltered ;
Present participle: Haltering.]

  1. To tie by the neck with a rope, strap, or halter; to put a halter on; to subject to a hangman's halter.</def> A haltered neck."

Shak.

Halteres[edit]

n. pl.

Etymology[edit]

NL., fr. Gr. weights used in jumping, fr. to leap.

  1. (Zoöl.): Balancers; the rudimentary hind wings of Diptera.

Halter-sack[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. A term of reproach, implying that one is fit to be hanged. (Obsolete) Beau. & Fl.

Haltingly[edit]

adv. <def>In a halting or limping manner.

Halvans[edit]

n. pl. <fld>(Mining): Impure ore; dirty ore.

Halve[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. A half.</def> (Obsolete)

Chaucer.

Halve[edit]

Transitive verb[edit]

Imperfect and past participle Halved ;
Present participle: Halving.]

Etymology[edit]

From Half.

  1. To divide into two equal parts; <as>as, to <ex>halve</ex> an apple</as>; to be or form half of.
    Quotations

So far apart their lives are thrown From the twin soul that halves their own. M. Arnold.

  1. (Arch.): To join, as two pieces of timber, by cutting away each for half its thickness at the joining place, and fitting together.

Halved[edit]

Adjective[edit]

  1. Appearing as if one side, or one half, were cut away; dimidiate.

Halves[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. pl. of Half.
  • By halves</col>, <cd>by one half at once; halfway; fragmentarily; partially; incompletely.</cd></cs>
  1. Quotations

I can not believe by halves; either I have faith, or I have it not. J. H. Newman.

  • To go halves</col>. <cd>See under Go.</cd></cs>

Halwe[edit]

Noun[edit]

Etymology[edit]

OE., fr. AS. <ets>h&amacr;lga</ets>. See Holy.

  1. A saint.</def> (Obsolete)

Chaucer.

Hal'yard[edit]

Noun[edit]

Etymology[edit]

<ets>Hale</ets>, v. t. + <ets>yard</ets>.

  1. (Naut.): A rope or tackle for hoisting or lowering yards, sails, flags, etc.</def> <altsp>[Written also <asp>halliard</asp>, <asp>haulyard</asp>.]</altsp>

Halysites[edit]

Noun[edit]

Etymology[edit]

NL., fr. Gr. a chain.

  1. (Paleon.): A genus of Silurian fossil corals; the chain corals. See <cref>Chain coral</cref>, under Chain.

Hamadryad[edit]

Noun[edit]

<plu>pl. E. <plw>Hamadryads</plw> (#), L. <plw>Hamadryades</plw> (#)</plu>. <ety>[L. <ets>Hamadryas</ets>, <ets>-adis</ets>, Gr. ; together + oak, tree: cf. F. <ets>hamadryade</ets>. See Same, and Tree.

  1. (Class. Myth.): A tree nymph whose life ended with that of the particular tree, usually an oak, which had been her abode.
  2. (Zoöl.): A large venomous East Indian snake (<spn>Orhiophagus bungarus</spn>), allied to the cobras.

Hamadryas[edit]

Noun[edit]

Etymology[edit]

L., a hamadryad. See Hamadryad.

  1. (Zoöl.): The sacred baboon of Egypt (<spn>Cynocephalus Hamadryas</spn>).

Hamamelis[edit]

Noun[edit]

Etymology[edit]

NL., fr. Gr. a kind of medlar or service tree; at the same time + an apple, any tree fruit.

  1. (Bot.): A genus of plants which includes the witch-hazel (<spn>Hamamelis Virginica</spn>), a preparation of which is used medicinally.

Hamate[edit]

Adjective[edit]

Etymology[edit]

L. <ets>hamatus</ets>, fr. <ets>hamus</ets> hook.

  1. Hooked; bent at the end into a hook; hamous.

Hamated[edit]

Adjective[edit]

  1. Hooked, or set with hooks; hamate.

Swift.

Hamatum

Noun[edit]

Etymology[edit]

NL., fr. L. <ets>hamatus</ets> hooked.

  1. (Anat.): See Unciform.

Hamble

Transitive verb[edit]

Etymology[edit]

OE. <ets>hamelen</ets> to mutilate, AS. <ets>hamelian</ets>; akin to OHG. <ets>hamaln</ets> to mutilate, <ets>hamal</ets> mutilated, <ets>ham</ets> mutilated, Icel. <ets>hamla</ets> to mutilate. Cf.Hamer to fetter.

  1. To hamstring.</def> (Obsolete)

Hamburg

Noun[edit]

  1. A commercial city of Germany, near the mouth of the Elbe.
  • Black Hamburg grape</col>. <cd>See under Black.</cd>
  • Hamburg dging</col>, <cd>a kind of embroidered work done by machinery on cambric or muslin; -- used for trimming.</cd>
  • Hamburg lake</col>, <cd>a purplish crimson pigment resembling cochineal.</cd></cs>

Hame

Noun[edit]

  1. Home.</def> [Scot. & O. Eng.]

Hame

Noun[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Scot. <ets>haims</ets>, <ets>hammys</ets>, <ets>hems</ets>, OE. <ets>ham</ets>; cf. D. <ets>haam</ets>.

  1. One of the two curved pieces of wood or metal, in the harness of a draught horse, to which the traces are fastened. They are fitted upon the collar, or have pads fitting the horse's neck attached to them.

Hamel

Transitive verb[edit]

(Obsolete) <def>Same as Hamele.

Hamesecken, Hamesucken

Noun[edit]

Etymology[edit]

AS. <ets>h&amacr;mscn</ets>. See Home, and Seek.

  1. (Scots Law): The felonious seeking and invasion of a person in his dwelling house.

Bouvier.

Hamiform

Noun[edit]

Etymology[edit]

L. <ets>hamus</ets> hook + <ets>-form</ets>.

  1. Hook-shaped.

Hamilton period

. <fld>(Geol.): A subdivision of the Devonian system of America; -- so named from Hamilton, Madison Co., New York. It includes the Marcellus, Hamilton, and Genesee epochs or groups. See the Chart of Geology.

Haminura

Noun[edit]

  1. (Zoöl.): A large edible river fish (<spn>Erythrinus macrodon</spn>) of Guiana.

Hamite

Noun[edit]

Etymology[edit]

L. <ets>hamus</ets> hook.

  1. (Paleon.): A fossil cephalopod of the genus <spn>Hamites</spn>, related to the ammonites, but having the last whorl bent into a hooklike form.

Hamite

Noun[edit]

  1. A descendant of Ham, Noah's second son. See Gen. x. 6-20.

Haitic

Adjective[edit]

  1. Pertaining to Ham or his descendants.
  • Hamitic languages</col>, <cd>the group of languages spoken mainly in the Sahara, Egypt, Galla, and Som&acir;li Land, and supposed to be allied to the Semitic.</cd></cs>

Keith Johnson.

Hamlet

Noun[edit]

Etymology[edit]

OWE. <ets>hamelet</ets>, OF. <ets>hamelet</ets>, dim. of <ets>hamel</ets>, F. <ets>hameau</ets>, LL. <ets>hamellum</ets>, a dim. of German origin; cf. G. <ets>heim</ets> home. &root;220. See Home.

  1. A small village; a little cluster of houses in the country.
    Quotations

The country wasted, and the hamlets burned. Dryden.

<syn>Syn. -- Village; neighborhood. See Village.</syn>

Hamleted

p. a. <def>Confined to a hamlet.

Feltham.

Hammer

Noun[edit]

Etymology[edit]

OE. <ets>hamer</ets>, AS. <ets>hamer</ets>, <ets>hamor</ets>; akin to D. <ets>hamer</ets>, G. & Dan. <ets>hammer</ets>, Sw. <ets>hammare</ets>, Icel. <ets>hamarr</ets>, hammer, crag, and perh. to Gr. anvil, Skr. <ets>aman</ets> stone.

  1. An instrument for driving nails, beating metals, and the like, consisting of a head, usually of steel or iron, fixed crosswise to a handle.
    Quotations

With busy hammers closing rivets up. Shak.

  1. Something which in firm or action resembles the common hammer</def>; as: <sd>(a)</sd> <def>That part of a clock which strikes upon the bell to indicate the hour</def>. <sd>(b)</sd> <def>The padded mallet of a piano, which strikes the wires, to produce the tones</def>. <sd>(c)</sd> <fld>(Anat.): The malleus</def>. See under Ear. <fld>(Gun.): That part of a gunlock which strikes the percussion cap, or firing pin; the cock; formerly, however, a piece of steel covering the pan of a flintlock musket and struck by the flint of the cock to ignite the priming</def>. <sd>(e)</sd> <def>Also, a person of thing that smites or shatters; <as>as, St. Augustine was the <ex>hammer</ex> of heresies.</as>
    Quotations

He met the stern legionaries [of Rome] who had been the massive iron hammers" of the whole earth. J. H. Newman.

  • Atmospheric hammer</col>, <cd>a dead-stroke hammer in which the spring is formed by confined air.</cd> -- <mcol><col>Drop hammer</col>, <col>Face hammer</col></mcol>, <cd>etc. See under Drop, Face, etc.</cd>
  • Hammer fish</col>. <cd>See Hammerhead.</cd>
  • Hammer hardening</col>, <cd>the process of hardening metal by hammering it when cold.</cd>
  • Hammer shell</col> <fld>(Zoöl.)</fld>, <cd>any species of <spn>Malleus</spn>, a genus of marine bivalve shells, allied to the pearl oysters, having the wings narrow and elongated, so as to give them a hammer-shaped outline; -- called also <altname>hammer oyster</altname>.</cd>
  • To bring to the hammer</col>, <cd>to put up at auction.</cd></cs>

Hammer

Transitive verb[edit]

Imperfect and past participle Hammered ;
Present participle: Hammering.]

  1. To beat with a hammer; to beat with heavy blows; <as>as, to <ex>hammer</ex> iron</as>.
  2. To form or forge with a hammer; to shape by beating.</def> Hammered money."

Dryden.

  1. To form in the mind; to shape by hard intellectual labor; -- usually with out.
    Quotations

Who was hammering out a penny dialogue. Jeffry.

Hammer

Intransitive verb[edit]

  1. To be busy forming anything; to labor hard as if shaping something with a hammer.
    Quotations

Whereon this month I have hammering. Shak.

  1. To strike repeated blows, literally or figuratively.
    Quotations

Blood and revenge are hammering in my head. Shak.

Hammerable

Adjective[edit]

  1. Capable of being formed or shaped by a hammer.

Sherwood.

Hammer-bm

Noun[edit]

  1. (Cothic Arch.): A member of one description of roof truss, called hammer-beam truss, which is so framed as not to have a tiebeam at the top of the wall. Each principal has two hammer-beams, which occupy the situation, and to some extent serve the purpose, of a tiebeam.

Hammercloth

(?; 115), n. <ety>[Prob. fr. D. <ets>hemel</ets> heaven, canopy, tester (akin to G. <ets>himmel</ets>, and perh. also to E. <ets>heaven</ets>) + E. <ets>cloth</ets>; or perh. a corruption of <ets>hamper cloth</ets>.

  1. The cloth which covers a coach box.

Hammer-dressed

Adjective[edit]

  1. Having the surface roughly shaped or faced with the stonecutter's hammer; -- said of building stone.

Hammerer

Noun[edit]

  1. One who works with a hammer.

Hammer-harden

Transitive verb[edit]

  1. To harden, as a metal, by hammering it in the cold state.