abate

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English[edit]

Wikisource
See also the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica's article on:

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English abaten, from Old French abatre (to beat down) (possibly via Middle French), from Late Latin abbatto, from ab- (away) + batto, from Latin battuere (to beat). Cognate to modern French abattre.

Verb[edit]

abate (third-person singular simple present abates, present participle abating, simple past and past participle abated)

  1. (transitive, obsolete except law) To put an end to; To cause to cease. [First attested from around (1150 to 1350).][1]
    to abate a nuisance
  2. (intransitive) To become null and void. [First attested in the late 15th century.][1]
    The writ has abated.
  3. (transitive, law) To nullify; make void. [First attested in the late 15th century.][1]
    to abate a writ
  4. (transitive, obsolete) To humble; to lower in status; to bring someone down physically or mentally. [Attested from around (1150 to 1350) until the mid 17th century.][1]
    • Geoffrey Chaucer
      The hyer that they were in this present lyf, the moore shulle they be abated and defouled in helle.
  5. (intransitive, obsolete) To be humbled; to be brought down physically or mentally. [Attested from around (1150 to 1350) until the mid 17th century.][1]
  6. (transitive, obsolete) To curtail; to deprive. [Attested from around (1350 to 1470) until the mid 19th century.][1]
    Order restrictions and prohibitions to abate an emergency situation.
  7. (transitive) To reduce in amount, size, or value. [First attested in 1325][2][1]
    Legacies are liable to be abated entirely or in proportion, upon a deficiency of assets.
  8. (intransitive) To decrease in size, value, or amount. [First attested in 1325][2]
  9. (transitive) To moderate; to lessen in force, intensity, to subside. [First attested from around (1150 to 1350).][1]
  10. (intransitive) To decrease in intensity or force; to subside. [First attested from around (1150 to 1350).][1]
  11. (transitive) To deduct or omit. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).][1]
    We will abate this price from the total.
    • 1845, Thomas Fuller, The Church History of Britain, Volume 3, page 100:
      Allowing nine thousand parishes (abating the odd hundreds) in England and Wales []
  12. (transitive) To bar or except. [First attested in the late 16th century.][1]
  13. (transitive) To cut away or hammer down, in such a way as to leave a figure in relief, as a sculpture, or in metalwork.
  14. (transitive, obsolete) To dull the edge or point of; to blunt. [Attested from the mid 16th century until the late 17th century.][1]
  15. (transitive, archaic) To destroy, or level to the ground. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).][1]
    • 1542, Edward Hall, The Union of the Noble and Illustre Famelies of Lancastre and York:
      The kynge of Scottes planted his siege before the castell of Norham, and sore abated the walls.
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Noun[edit]

abate (plural abates)

  1. (obsolete) Abatement. [Attested from around (1350 to 1470) until the late 17th century.][1]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Anglo-Norman abatre, an alteration of enbatre, from Old French en + batre (to beat).[2]

Verb[edit]

abate (third-person singular simple present abates, present participle abating, simple past and past participle abated)

  1. (intransitive, law) To enter a tenement without permission after the owner has died and before the heir takes possession. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.][1]

Etymology 4[edit]

From Italian abate, from Latin abbās, abbātis, from Ancient Greek ἀββᾶς (abbâs), from Aramaic אבא (’abbā, father).

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

abate (plural abates)

  1. An Italian abbot, or other member of the clergy. [First attested in the early 18th century.][1]

References[edit]

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 1.13 1.14 1.15 Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7), page 2
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004 [1998], ISBN 0550142304), page 2

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin abbās, abbātis, from Ancient Greek ἀββᾶς (abbâs), from Aramaic אבא (’abbā, father).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abate m (plural abati)

  1. abbot

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Novial[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Italian abate, from Latin abbās, abbātis, from Ancient Greek ἀββᾶς (abbâs), from Aramaic אבא (’abbā, father).

Noun[edit]

abate (plural abates)

  1. abbot or abbess

Related terms[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

abate

  1. third-person singular present indicative of abater
  2. second-person singular imperative of abater

Romanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Late Latin abbattere, present active infinitive of abbattō, from Latin battuō.

Verb[edit]

a abate (third-person singular present abate, past participle abătut3rd conj.

  1. to stray (often figuratively in a moral sense), derogate, deviate, divert from, digress
  2. to change paths, swerve from, wander from
  3. (reflexive) to stop (going a certain way)
  4. to dissuade
  5. to knock down
Conjugation[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Italian abate, from Latin abbās, abbātis, from Ancient Greek ἀββᾶς (abbâs), from Aramaic אבא (’abbā, father).

Noun[edit]

abate m (plural abați)

  1. abbot

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

abate

  1. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of abatir.
  2. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of abatir.