abducens

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Shortening of "abducens nerve", in turn from Latin nervus abducens, from abducent, abducens

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (US) IPA(key): /æb.ˈdu.ˌsɛnz/, /æb.ˈdju.ˌsɛnz/

Noun[edit]

abducens (plural abducentes)

  1. (anatomy) The abducens nerve: the nerve in humans and most animals that governs the motion of the lateral rectus muscle of the eye. [Early 19th century.][1]
    • 1895, System of Surgery, volume 2, page 672:
      Although the abducens runs in a fissure along the so-often fractured petrous bone, a rupture of the nerve-trunk has never been noticed in autopsies save once

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7), page 3

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Present active participle of abdūcō (take away).

Participle[edit]

abducēns m, f, n (genitive abducentis); third declension

  1. taking away, leading away or aside; removing
  2. withdrawing
  3. robbing, ravishing
  4. seducing, charming
  5. reducing, degrading, lowering

Inflection[edit]

Third declension, neuter nominative singular like masculine/feminine.

Number Singular Plural
Case \ Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative abducēns abducēns abducentēs abducentia
genitive abducentis abducentis abducentium abducentium
dative abducentī abducentī abducentibus abducentibus
accusative abducentem abducēns abducentēs abducentia
ablative abducente
abducentī 1
abducente
abducentī 1
abducentibus abducentibus
vocative abducēns abducēns abducentēs abducentia

1 When used purely as an adjective.