abjure

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See also: abjuré

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English abjuren, from Latin abiūrō (deny upon oath) (possibly via Middle French abjurer), formed from ab (from, away from) + iūro (swear or take an oath), from iūs (law, right, duty).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

abjure (third-person singular simple present abjures, present participle abjuring, simple past and past participle abjured)

  1. (transitive) To renounce upon oath; to forswear; to disavow. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.][2]
    To abjure allegiance to a prince.
    To abjure the realm (to swear to abandon it forever).
  2. (transitive, obsolete, historical) To cause one to renounce or recant. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.][2]
  3. (transitive) To reject with solemnity; to abandon forever; to repudiate; to disclaim. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.][2]
    To abjure errors.
  4. (transitive) To abstain from; to avoid; to shun.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004 [1998], ISBN 0550142304), page 3
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7), page 5

French[edit]

Verb[edit]

abjure

  1. first-person singular present indicative of abjurer
  2. third-person singular present indicative of abjurer
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of abjurer
  4. first-person singular present subjunctive of abjurer
  5. second-person singular imperative of abjurer

Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

abjure

  1. First-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of abjurar
  2. Third-person singular (ele, ela, also used with tu and você?) present subjunctive of abjurar
  3. Third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of abjurar
  4. Third-person singular (você) negative imperative of abjurar

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

abjure

  1. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of abjurar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of abjurar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of abjurar.