ablution

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English, ablucioun (cleansing of impurities), from Old French ablution, and its source, Late Latin ablūtiō (a washing away), from abluō (wash away), from ab (away) + luō (wash)[1].

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ablution (plural ablutions)

  1. The act of washing something.
    1. (chemistry) Originally, the purifying of oils and other substances by emulsification with hot water; now more generally, a thorough cleansing of a precipitate or other non-dissolved substance. [First attested from around 1350 to 1470.][2]
    2. The act of washing or cleansing the body, or some part of it, as a religious rite. [From mid 16th century.][2]
    3. (literary or humorous, usually in the plural) Washing oneself; bathing, cleaning oneself up. [From mid 18th century.][2]
      • 1835, William Gilmore Simms, The Partisan, Harper, Chapter II, page 25:
        He followed the steps of Bella, who soon conducted him to his chamber, and left him to those ablutions which a long ride along a sandy road had rendered particularly necessary.
    4. (Western Christianity) The rinsing of the priest's hand and the sacred vessel following the Communion with, depending on rite, water or a mix of it and wine, which may then be drunk by the priest. [from 17th c.]
  2. The liquid used in the cleansing or ablution. [From early 18th century.][2]
  3. (Orthodox Christianity) The ritual consumption by the deacon or priest of leftover sacred wine of host after the Communion.
  4. (plural only, UK, military) The location or building where the showers and sinks are located. [From mid 20th century.][2]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004 [1998], ISBN 0550142304), page 3
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7), page 5-6

French[edit]

Noun[edit]

ablution f (plural ablutions)

  1. (Western Christianity) Ritual rinsing of the priest's hand; ablution.
  2. (rare) A washing, especially ritual.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The various other meanings of the word are usually only used in the plural.

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

External links[edit]