abridgment

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English[edit]

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in 1494. From Middle English abrygement,[1] from Middle French abrégement.[2] Equivalent to abridge +‎ -ment.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

abridgment (plural abridgments)

  1. (US) The act of abridging, or the state of being abridged; diminution; lessening; reduction or deprivation; as, an abridgment of pleasures or of expenses. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).][2]
  2. (US) An epitome or compend, as of a book; a shortened or abridged form; an abbreviation. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).][2]
    • 22 March 2012, Scott Tobias, AV Club The Hunger Games[1]
      When the goal is simply to be as faithful as possible to the material—as if a movie were a marriage, and a rights contract the vow—the best result is a skillful abridgment, one that hits all the important marks without losing anything egregious.
  3. (obsolete) That which abridges or cuts short; hence, an entertainment that makes the time pass quickly
    • What abridgment have you for this evening? What masque? what music? - Shakespeare, Midsummer Night's Dream, V-i
  4. (dated, law) Any of various brief statments of case law made before modern reporting of legal cases.

Usage notes[edit]

  • In current usage this spelling is about as common as abridgement in the US, but much less common in the UK.
  • Notes on near-synonyms:
    • An abridgment is made by omitting the less important parts of some larger work; as, an abridgment of a dictionary.
    • A compendium is a brief exhibition of a subject, or science, for common use; as, a compendium of American literature.
    • An epitome corresponds to a compendium, and gives briefly the most material points of a subject; as, an epitome of history.
    • An abstract is a brief statement of a thing in its main points.
    • A synopsis is a bird's-eye view of a subject, or work, in its several parts.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Laurence Urdang (editor), The Random House College Dictionary (Random House, 1984 [1975], ISBN 0-394-43600-8), page 5
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7), page 8

External links[edit]