acanthus

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin acanthus, from Ancient Greek ἄκανθος (ákanthos), from ἀκή (akḗ, thorn) + ἄνθος (ánthos, flower).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

acanthus (plural acanthuses or acanthi)

  1. (botany) A member of the genus Acanthus of herbaceous prickly plants with toothed leaves, (family Acanthaceae, order Scrophulariales) found in the south of Europe, Asia Minor, and India.[First attested in the mid 16th century.][2]
  2. (architecture) An ornament resembling the foliage or leaves of Acanthus spinosus used in the capitals of the Corinthian and composite orders.[First attested in the mid 18th century.][2]

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Philip Babcock Gove (editor), Webster's Third International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (G. & C. Merriam Co., 1976 [1909], ISBN 0-87779-101-5)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7)

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek ἄκανθος (ákanthos), from ἀκή (akḗ, thorn) + ἄνθος (ánthos, flower).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

acanthus m (genitive acanthī); second declension

  1. A plant known as bear's-foot (Helleborus foetidus).
  2. A thorny evergreen tree.

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative acanthus acanthī
genitive acanthī acanthōrum
dative acanthō acanthīs
accusative acanthum acanthōs
ablative acanthō acanthīs
vocative acanthe acanthī

Descendants[edit]