access

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (US) enPR: ăkʹsĕs, IPA(key): /ˈæk.sɛs/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ac‧cess

Etymology 1[edit]

  • First attested in the early 14th century.
  • (entrance): First attested about 1380.
  • From Middle English, from Middle French acces (attack, onslaught) or from its source Latin accessus, perfect passive participle of accēdō (approach; accede), from ad (to, toward, at) + cēdō (move, yield).

Noun[edit]

access (countable and uncountable, plural accesses)

  1. (uncountable) A way or means of approaching or entering; an entrance; a passage.
    • All access was thronged. - Milton
  2. (uncountable) The act of approaching or entering; an advance.
  3. (uncountable) The right or ability of approaching or entering; admittance; admission; accessibility.
  4. (uncountable) The quality of being easy to approach or enter.
  5. (uncountable) Admission to sexual intercourse.
  6. (countable) An increase by addition; accession; as, an access of territory.
    • I, from the influence of thy looks, receive access in every virtue. - Milton
  7. (countable) An onset, attack, or fit of disease; an ague fit.
    • The first access looked like an apoplexy. - Burnet
  8. (countable) An outburst of an emotion; a paroxysm; a fit of passion; as, an access of fury.
    • 1946, Arnold J. Toynbee, A Study of History (Abridgement of Volumes I-VI by D.C. Somervell)
      It appears that, about the middle of the fourth century of the Christian Era, the Germans in the Roman service started the new practice of retaining their native names; and this change of etiquette, which seems to have been abrupt, points to a sudden access of self-confidence and self-assurance in the souls of the barbarian personnel which had previously been content to 'go Roman' without reservations.
    Usage notes sometimes confused with excess
  9. (uncountable, law) The right of a non-custodial parent to visit their child.
  10. (uncountable, computing) The process of locating data in memory.
  11. (uncountable, Internet) Connection to or communication with a computer program or to the Internet.
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Etymology 2[edit]

  • First attested in 1962.

Verb[edit]

access (third-person singular simple present accesses, present participle accessing, simple past and past participle accessed)

  1. (transitive) To gain or obtain access to.
  2. (transitive, computing) To have access to (data).
    I can't access most of the data on the computer without a password.
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