agrs

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *agras, from Proto-Indo-European *ag-ro-s, from *h₂eg- with -ro “spike, top, beginning.” This stem is apparently a variant of *h₂eḱ- (sharp), whence Ancient Greek ἄκρος (ákros, sharp, pointed), Latin ācer (sharp) (< *h₂ḱrós). If this is true, Latvian agrs would originally have meant “sharp,” from which “fast, quick” and finally “early.” Cognates include Hittite ẖegur (peak, cliff), Sanskrit अग्रम् (ágram, spike, peak, beginning), Avestan [script needed] (agrō, first), [script needed] (agrəm, beginning).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adjective[edit]

agrs (def. agrais, comp. agrāks, sup. visagrākais; adv. agri)

  1. early (relating to the beginning phase of some period of time)
    agrs rītsearly morning
    no agra rīta līdz vēlam vakaram — from early morning until late night
    agrais feodālismsearly feudalism
    agrā renesanseearly Renaissance
    bija vēl agrs pavasaris, naktī pieturējās sals, un sniegs vēl nebija nokusis — it was still early spring, the night was still frosty, and the snow had not yet melted
  2. early (relating to the first morning hours)
    celties agri — to get up early
    vēl agrs... saule nav lēkusi, bet debess rīta pamalē sāk jau sārtot — still early... the sun has not risen, but in the morning sky horizon it is already becoming red (= light)
  3. early (relating to the initial periods of a person's life)
    agrā jaunībā uzsākt darba gaitas — to start work at an early age (lit. in early youth)
  4. early (which happens before its usual time)
    šogad agrs pavasaris — this year (there is) an early spring
    atnākt par agru — to come too early
    jau vakars... no slapjajiem laukiem kāpj gaisā bieza migla... aizklāj debesis un atveļ agru tumsu — already evening... from the wet fields a light, thick smog rose... it shielded the sky and allowed an early darkness
  5. early (which happens, appears before others of the same type)
    braukt ar agro vilcienu — to travel on an early train
    agri braucējiearly riders, travelers
    agrie dārzeņiearly vegetables
    Priekuļu agrie kartupeļi aizceļojuši arī uz tādiem tāliem rajoniem kā Piejūras novads, Kamčatka...early potatoes from Priekuļi have traveled to such far-away regions as Primorsky Krai or Kamchatka (Peninsula)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “agrs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7