airis

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Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

airis

  1. Romanization of 𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌹𐍃

Latgalian[edit]

Noun[edit]

airis f pl

  1. swing (swing seat)

Latvian[edit]

Airis

Etymology[edit]

There are different hypotheses on the origin of this word. Some propose to derive it from Proto-Baltic *air-, from Proto-Indo-European *ey-, *oy- (pole, post) with an extra r. Others derive it from the same stem as Latvian vairīt “to avoid; to dodge,” with loss of the initial v. Others yet consider it (as well as its Finnic counterparts: e.g.,Finnish airo, Estonian aer) an old borrowing from a Germanic language (cf. Old Norse ár, Old English ār, English oar, all from Proto-Germanic *airō). Cognates include Lithuanian aĩrė.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

airis m (2nd declension)

  1. oar, paddle (an instrument for rowing a boat)
    divi airi — two paddles, oars
    airu laiva — rowboat (lit. oar boat)
    cilāt airus — to lift the oars
    iegremdēt airus ūdenī — to put (lit. insert) the oars in the water
    sēsties airos, pie airiem — to sit at the oars (= to prepare for oaring, paddling)
    Griniņš ievilka airus un ļāva laivai slīdēt lēni uz priekšu — Griniņš pulled the oars and let the book slide slowly forward
    nolicis airi, noliecos pār laivas malu un sāku raut ūdens augus — letting go of the oar, he leaned over the boat edge and began to pluck the aquatic plants
    nosēdies airos, Pičs ar vienmērīgiem un spēcīgiem vēzieniem dzina laivu uz priekšu — having sat at the oars, Pičs drove the boat forward with steady, strong strokes

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “airis” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7

Lithuanian[edit]

Noun[edit]

airis m (plural airiai, feminine airė)

  1. Irishman (man from Ireland)


This Lithuanian entry was created from the translations listed at Irishman. It may be less reliable than other entries, and may be missing parts of speech or additional senses. Please also see airis in the Lithuanian Wiktionary. This notice will be removed when the entry is checked. (more information) October 2009