aizmirst

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From aiz- +‎ mirst (to forget) (q.v.), where mirst is now attested only dialectally. From a different ablaut form came aizmārša (forgetful person) (from *aizmarša) and related terms. Cognates include Lithuanian užmir̃šti, mir̃šti (to forget), maršùs (forgettable), Sanskrit मृष्यतॆ (mṝṣyate, to forget, to neglect), मृषा (mṝṣā, in vain, invalid, wrong), Old Armenian մոռանամ (moṙanam, I forget) (with corresponding to rs).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Verb[edit]

aizmirst

  1. 3rd person singular present indicative form of aizmirst
  2. 3rd person plural present indicative form of aizmirst
  3. (with the particle lai) 3rd person singular imperative form of aizmirst
  4. (with the particle lai) 3rd person plural imperative form of aizmirst

aizmirst tr., 1st conj., pres. aizmirstu, aizmirsti, aizmirst, past aizmirsu

  1. (of data, facts) to forget (to let slip from memory, to remember no longer)
    aizmirst formulu — to forget a formula
    aizmirst telefona numuru — to forget a telephone number
    aizmirst dziesmai vārdus — to forget the lyrics of a song
    ātri aizmirst — to forget quickly
    viņš šo notikumu sen aizmirsis — he has long fogotten this event
  2. (of objects) to leave (something, somewhere) inadvertently, to forget to take it along
    aizmirst lietussargu vilcienā — to leave (inadvertently) one's umbrella in the train
    aizmirst grāmatu mājās — to leave (inadvertently) one's book home
  3. (of actions, duties) to forget (about), to not think about, to neglect
    aizmirst pateikt labdienu — to forget to say good morning
    aizmirst nopirkt biļeti — to forget to buy the tickets
    aizmirst savus pienākumu — to forget about one') obligations, duties
    viņš bija tik uztraucies, ka pat cepuri aizmirsa noņemt un apsveicināties ar māti — he was so excited that he even forgot to take off his hat and greet (his) mother
  4. (of experiences, events) to forget, to not pay attention anymore
    aizmirst sevi — to forget (about) oneself
    klausoties mūziku, viņa aizmirst visu citu — listening to music, she forgets all else
    Mirdza nodevās meža burvībai un aizmirsa laiku — Mirdza went into the enchanted forest and forgot (about) time
    gluži noskumis, Klauss dodas uz bibliotēku, lai pie interesantas grāmatas aizmirstu savu vilšanos — rather saddened, Klauss went to the library, in order to forget his disappointment with an interesting book
  5. (of activities) to forget (to lose the ability to do something)
    aizmirst spēlēt klavieres — to forget (how to) play the piano
    aizmirst adīt zeķes — to forget (how to) knit socks
    putni bija aptūkuši un, kā likās, pavisam aizmirsuši lidot — the birds were a little bloated and, it seemed, had completley forgotten (how to) fly

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “aizmirst” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7