aknas

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See also: aknās

Latvian[edit]

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 Aknas on Latvian Wikipedia

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Aknas

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (dialectal forms) aknis

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *yeknā-, *yaknā-, from the genitive form *yekʷ-né-s of Proto-Indo-European *yekʷr̥, *yēkʷr̥ (liver) (< *yeh₁kwr̥), an old, n/r-alternating stem. Cognates include Lithuanian jẽknos, dialectal ãknos, Old Prussian lagno (apparently a misspelled iagno), Sanskrit यकृत् (yakṛt) (genitive यक्नः (yaknáḥ)) Ancient Greek ἧπαρ (hêpar) (genitive ἧπατος (hêpatos)), Latin iecur.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

aknas f (4th declension)

  1. (anatomy) liver (internal organ of humans and animals, gland that produces bile)
    aknu slimībasliver diseases
    aknu uztūkums — swelling of the liver
    aknu funkcijasliver functions
    kuņģa tuvumā ir aknas ar žultspūsli — in the vicinity of the stomach are (situated) the liver with (= and) the gall bladder
    aknām ir izcila nozīme visdažādākos organisma vielmaiņas procesos — the liver has great importance in a variety of metabolic processes in the body
  2. this organ of an animal, used as food
    ceptas, sautētas aknas — fried, stewed liver
    aknu desa, pastēteliver sausage, pâté
    ļoti labs A vitamīna avots uzturā ir liellopu un cūku aknas, kā arī mencu aknu konservi — a very good source of vitamin A in one's diet is cow and pig liver, as well as canned cod liver

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The plural forms are always preferred. The singular forms apparently exist, according to published dictionaries, but seem to be mostly unattested.

References[edit]

  1. ^ “aknas” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7