antibiotic

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From French antibiotique, coined in 1889 by P. Vuillemin from anti- and biotique, from Ancient Greek βιωτικός (biōtikós, concerning or relating to life) (from βίος (bíos, life), from Proto-Indo-European *gʷeih₃w- (to live)), perhaps influenced by ἀντίβιος (antíbios, opposed).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˌæn.ti.baɪˈɒt.ɪk/, /ˌæn.taɪ.baɪˈɒt.ɪk/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˌæn.taɪ.baɪˈɑ.tɪk/, /ˌæn.tə.baɪˈɑ.tɪk/
  • Rhymes: -ɒtɪk

Noun[edit]

antibiotic (plural antibiotics)

  1. (pharmacology) Any substance that can destroy or inhibit the growth of bacteria and similar microorganisms.

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Adjective[edit]

antibiotic (comparative more antibiotic, superlative most antibiotic)

  1. (pharmacology) Of or relating to antibiotics.
  2. (obsolete) Of or relating to the theory that extraterrestrial life does not exist.

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