apocatastasis

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English[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin, from Ancient Greek ἀποκατάστασις (apokatástasis, restoration, reëstablishment), from ἀποκαθιστάναι (apokathistánai, to stand up again),[1] from ἀπό- (apó-, back again) + καθίστημι (kathístēmi, I set, place, constitute, appoint), from κατά- (katá-, down, for) + ἵστημι (hístēmi, I set, stand, establish)

Noun[edit]

apocatastasis (plural apocatastases)

  1. (rare) restoration, renovation, reestablishment, particularly:
    1. (chiefly religion, rare) An apocalypse leading to the remaking of the world rather than a Final Judgment, (Catholic) an Origenist heresy condemned by the AD 543 Synod of Constantinople
      • 1678, Ralph Cudworth translating Julius Firmicus, The true intellectual system of the universe, I iv 328
      • 1885, Philip Schaff translating the anathemas confirmed by the AD 553 Second Ecumenical Council in The Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers
        If anyone shall say that all reasonable beings will one day be united in one, when the hypostases as well as the numbers and the bodies shall have disappeared,... moreover, that in this pretended apocatastasis, spirits only will continue to exist... let him be anathema.
        A Tradition...concerning the Apocatastasis of the World...partly by Inundation and partly by Conflagration.
      • 2003 January, Edward Moore, "Origen of Alexandria and apokatastasis: Some Notes on the Development of a Noble Notion"
        The Stoic idea was based upon an astronomical doctrine according to which the return (apokatastasis) of the planets to their proper "celestial signs" initiates the conflagration (ekpurôsis), which is the reduction of the entire cosmos to its primal element (fire), after which follows the rebirth of all existing things.
    2. (religion) The doctrine that all souls will enter heaven or paradise, (Catholic) an Origenist heresy condemned by the AD 543 Synod of Constantinople
      • 1867, R.E. Wallis translating F.J. Delitzsch, A system of Biblical psychology, VII 552
        No doctrine...contradicts the Holy Scripture in a more unwarrantable manner than that of the so-called Apokatastasis.
      1907, Pierre Batiffol, The Catholic Encyclopedia
      Apocatastasis, A name given in the history of theology to the doctrine which teaches that a time will come when all free creatures will share in the grace of salvation
    3. (medicine, rare) Return to an earlier condition
      • 1753, A supplement to Mr. Chambers's Cyclopædia
        We read of Apocatastasis or urine...of tumours, and other diseases.
      • 1880, The New Sydenham Society's lexicon of medicine and the allied sciences
        Apocatastasis, The subsidence of a tumour, or the re-establishment of an exudation or secretion.
    4. (astronomy) Return to the same apparent position, as after a revolution
      • 1822, Thomas Taylor translating Apuleius, Metamorphosis, or Golden Ass, I 33
        The accurate apocatastasis (i.e. regression to the same sign) of the moon, and in a similar manner of the sun.

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary, "apocatastasis, n."