arājs

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Apparently a mixture of arējs ((temporary) plowman) and an unattested form *artājs, from art (to plow) +‎ -ājs. Cognates include Proto-Slavic *ortajь (Russian archaic ратай (rátaj), Old Church Slavonic ратай (rátaj)).[1]

Noun[edit]

arājs m (1st declension)

  1. plowman (person who plows the land (with a horse-drawn plow)
    arājs stingri turēja arklu — the plowman firmly held the plow
    arājs nāca tīrumā art — the plowman came to the field to plow
    arājs ara un gani ganīja — the plowman plows and the shepherds tend (the sheep)

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The difference between arājs and arējs seems to be that arājs describes a profession, a permanent way of life, whereas arējs refers to someone (or some animal) who happens to be plowing now.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “art” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7