arkls

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Latvian[edit]

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 Arkls on Latvian Wikipedia

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Arkls

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate to Lithuanian arklas. From Proto-Baltic *arklas, masculine counterpart of an earlier *arklan, from *artlan, from *artron, from Proto-Indo-European *arətrom (prow) (< *h₂érh₃trom, from *h₂erh₃- (to plow) — whence also the verb art, q.v. — , ultimately from *er-, *h₁er- “sparse; to crumble, to fall to pieces,” with an instrumental suffix *-trom). Cognates include Old Irish arathar, Middle High German arl, Ancient Greek ἄροτρον (árotron), Latin arātrum. (A separate meaning of "land measure" comes from an earlier variant arklis, originally (13th century) the amount of land that could be plowed with one horse and one plow, later on much more than that; by the late 18th century, arkls and arklis had merged back into one word.)[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

arkls m (1st declension)

  1. plow (device pulled through the ground to break it open into furrows for planting)
    vispārējas nozīmes arkls — general-purpose plow
    divlemešu, pieclemešu arkls — two-share, five-share plow
    zirgvilkmes arkls — horse-drawn plow
    traktorvilkmes, traktora arkls — tractor plow
    iejūgt zirgu arklā — to harness the horse to (lit. in) the plow
    iet aiz arkla — to go behind the plow (= to plow)
    likt pie arkla — to put (someone) at the plow (= to make him/her plow)
    sniega arkls — snowplow (device for removing snow)
  2. machine for land amelioration work
    grāvju arkls — backhoe (lit. ditch plow)
  3. (historical, feudalism) in feudal times, a measure of land
    viena arkla saimniecība — a one arkls farm
    arklu revīzija — (in feudal times) the verification of the area and value of land in farms and estates (for taxation purposes)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “art” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7