arma

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See also: armă, armã, armà, and armâ

Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin arma.

Noun[edit]

arma f (plural armes)

  1. weapon

Derived terms[edit]


Basque[edit]

Noun[edit]

arma

  1. weapon

Declension[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin arma.

Noun[edit]

arma f (plural armes)

  1. weapon

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

arma

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of armar
  2. second-person singular imperative form of armar

French[edit]

Verb[edit]

arma

  1. third-person singular past historic of armer

Anagrams[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin arma.

Noun[edit]

arma f (plural armas)

  1. weapon

Derived terms[edit]


Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

arma

  1. Romanization of 𐌰𐍂𐌼𐌰

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin, arma, from Latin arma (weapons of war, war, defence, tools), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂(e)rmos (fitting), from the root *h₂er- (to join).

Noun[edit]

arma f (plural armi) (archaic plural arme)

  1. weapon, arms
  2. (military) arm, force

Verb[edit]

arma

  1. third-person singular present indicative of armare
  2. second-person singular imperative of armare

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂(e)rmos (fitting), from the root *h₂er- (to join). armentum is an independent derivation from the same root, as if from Proto-Indo-European *h₂er-mn̥-tom. Cognates include Sanskrit ऋत (ṛtá, order; right; agreement etc.) and अरम् (áram, fitting), Ancient Greek ἀραρίσκω (ararískō, to fit together) and Old Armenian արարի (arari).

Semantic development was "that what is fitted together" → "tools" → "weapons". Also related to ars, artus, rītus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

arma n pl (genitive armōrum); second declension

  1. (plural only) defensive arms, armor/armour, shields, weapons of war.
  2. (plural only) war
  3. (plural only) soldiers, military power
  4. (plural only) defence
  5. (plural only) tools

Inflection[edit]

Second declension neuter.

Number Plural
nominative arma
genitive armōrum
dative armīs
accusative arma
ablative armīs
vocative arma

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, page 54

Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin arma.

Noun[edit]

arma f (plural armas)

  1. weapon

Old Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin arma (weapon), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂(e)rmos (fitting).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

arma f (plural armas)

  1. weapon; arm

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese arma, from Latin arma (weapon), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂(e)rmos (fitting), from the root *h₂er- (to join).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

arma f (plural armas)

  1. weapon

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

arma

  1. Third-person singular (ele, ela, also used with tu and você?) present indicative of armar
  2. Second-person singular (tu) affirmative imperative of armar

Romanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin armāre, present active infinitive of armō.

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

a arma (third-person singular present armează, past participle armat1st conj.

  1. to prepare a weapon for firing
  2. to arm, equip
  3. (figuratively) to strengthen by adding reinforcement (e.g. armor, a mine shaft, etc.)
Conjugation[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From French armer.

Verb[edit]

a arma (third-person singular present armează, past participle armat1st conj.

  1. to launch a ship in service with all necessary equipment

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

arma f (singular, nominative/accusative, definite form of armă)

  1. the weapon

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin arma, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂(e)rmos (fitting), from the root *h₂er- (to join).

Noun[edit]

arma f (plural armas)

  1. weapon.
    El arma secreta — the secret weapon.
    Las armas secretas — the secret weapons.

Usage notes[edit]

The feminine noun arma is like other feminine nouns starting with a stressed a sound in that it takes the definite article el (normally reserved for masculine nouns) in the singular when there is no intervening adjective:

el arma

However, if an adjective intervenes between the article and the noun, the article reverts to la.

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

arma

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of armar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of armar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of armar.

Swedish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

arma

  1. absolute singular definite and plural form of arm