artus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂r̥tós (fitted), from the root *h₂er- (to join, fit (together)). Cognates include Sanskrit ऋत (ṛtá, order; right, etc.) and Avestan 𐬀𐬴𐬀 (aṣ̌a, truth).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

artus m (feminine arta, neuter artum); first/second declension

  1. narrow, close, fitted, confined, dense
  2. (figuratively) severe, strict, scanty, brief
Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case \ Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative artus arta artum artī artae arta
genitive artī artae artī artōrum artārum artōrum
dative artō artae artō artīs artīs artīs
accusative artum artam artum artōs artās arta
ablative artō artā artō artīs artīs artīs
vocative arte arta artum artī artae arta
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂r̥tús (that which is fit together; juncture, ordering), from the root *h₂er- (to join, fit (together)). Cognates include Sanskrit ऋतु (ṛtú, right time, order, rule), Ancient Greek ἀρτύς (artús, arranging, arrangement) and Old Armenian արդ (ard, ornament, shape). From the same root also ars, artis (art) and arma (armor).

Noun[edit]

artus m (genitive artūs); fourth declension

  1. (anatomy, usually in the plural) a joint
  2. (figuratively) sinew, strength, power
  3. (poetic) the limbs
Inflection[edit]

Fourth declension, dative plural in -ubus.

Number Singular Plural
nominative artus artūs
genitive artūs artuum
dative artuī artubus
accusative artum artūs
ablative artū artubus
vocative artus artūs
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • artus in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, pages 55, 56

Latvian[edit]

Participle[edit]

artus

  1. accusative plural masculine form of arts