asper

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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old French aspre (modern âpre), from Latin asper (rough).

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

asper (comparative more asper, superlative most asper)

  1. Rough or harsh; severe, stern, serious.
    • Francis Bacon
      An asper sound.

Noun[edit]

asper (uncountable)

  1. (phonetics) Rough breathing; a mark (#) indicating that part of a word is aspirated, or pronounced with h before it.

Etymology 2[edit]

Middle English, from Middle French aspre or Italian aspro, both from Ancient Greek ἄσπρον (áspron), from neuter of ἄσπρος (áspros, white), from Latin asper (rough, newly minted)

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

asper (plural aspers)

  1. (historical) Any one of several small coins, circulated around the eastern Mediterranean area from the 12th to 17th centuries.
    • 1603, John Florio, translating Michel de Montaigne, Essays, I.40:
      And for ten Aspers you shall daily finde some amongst them, that will give themselves a deepe gash with a Scimitarie, either in their armes or thighes.

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

asper m (feminine aspera, neuter asperum); first/second declension

  1. rough, uneven, coarse, unrefined, rude, sharp, newly minted

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension, masculine nominative singular in -er.

Number Singular Plural
Case \ Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative asper aspera asperum asperī asperae aspera
genitive asperī asperae asperī asperōrum asperārum asperōrum
dative asperō asperae asperō asperīs asperīs asperīs
accusative asperum asperam asperum asperōs asperās aspera
ablative asperō asperā asperō asperīs asperīs asperīs
vocative asper aspera asperum asperī asperae aspera

Descendants[edit]

Anagrams[edit]