atra bilis

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ātra the nominative feminine of āter (dark, black) + bīlis (bile). A calque of the Ancient Greek μελαγχολία (melancholia) " atrabiliousness", from μέλας μελαν- (melas, melan-) "black, dark, murky" + χολή (chole) "bile" since according to early physiology, the excess of black bile in the human body was to result in melancholy. Compare melancholy.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ātra bīlis f (genitive ātrae bīlis); third declension

  1. black bile, meaning melancholy, sadness, dejection
    Bilem atram generantes, quos μελαγχολικοὺς vocant.
    Generating a black bile which they call μελαγχολία.
    Delirat uxor. - Ātrā bīlī percita est.
    My wife is deranged! - It's caused by the black bile.
    Atra bilis agitat hominem.
    Melancholy makes men mad.

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]