auksts

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Alteration of austs ‘cooled’, past participle of dialectal aũsīt, aũsēt ‘to cool off, down’, ausināt (to cool off hot food, with a spoon) (compare Lithuanian áušti (to cool down)), from Proto-Indo-European *h₃eug- (compare Latin autumnus, Old Irish úacht, Old Armenian ոյծ (oyc)). The -k- may be due to contamination with obsolete aukt (to be cool, cold), sporadically attested in 18th-century sources.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)
Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)

Adjective[edit]

auksts (def. aukstais, comp. aukstāks, sup. visaukstākais; adv. auksti)

  1. cold (an object or substance that has a relatively low temperature)
    auksts rokacold hands
    auksts ūdenscold water
    auksta tējacold tea
    ēdiens ir jau auksts — the food is already cold
    auksts kā leduscold as ice
    aukstais karš — the cold war
  2. cold (weather, air temperature during a certain period of time)
    auksts rudens, pavasaris — a cold autumn/fall, spring
    auksts rīts — a cold morning
    kļūst auksts — it is getting cold
    šodien ir ļoti auksts — today it is very cold
  3. associated with the feeling or sensation of cold
    gājējam kļūst auksti — the passer-by/pedestrian got cold
    auksti drebuļi — cold shivers, chills
    aukstas trīsas — a cold thrill
    man auksts pārskrēja pār visu muguru — a cold (chill) ran through my spine, back
  4. food which is to be eaten cold
    aukstie ēdieni, uzkodascold food, appetizers
    aukstais galds — cold table (= table with cold food)
  5. (figuratively) cold (one who does not care about the feelings of others; insensitive, rude)
    auksts prāta cilvēks — a cold-minded person
  6. (figuratively) cold (of a gesture or behavior typical of an insensitive or rude person)
    auksts skatiens, smaids — a cold look, smile
    auksta uzņemšana — a cold reception

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “auksts” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.