aurochs

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English[edit]

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Augsburg depiction of an aurochs.

Etymology[edit]

From German Aurochs, an early variant of Auerochse, from Middle High German ūrochse "aurochs" from Old High German ūrohso "aurochs", a compound consisting of ūro "aurochs" (from Proto-Germanic *ūraz, *ūrô (aurochs)) + ohso "ox". Akin to Old English ūr "aurochs", Old Norse úrr (aurochs), Middle Low German ūrosse "aurochs", Old English oxa "ox". More at ox.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aurochs (plural aurochs or aurochses or aurochsen) [1]

  1. An extinct European mammal, Bos primigenius, the ancestor of domestic cattle.
  2. (zoology) The European bison (Bison bonasus, or Europæus).

Translations[edit]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language by David Crystal (1995, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0521401798), page 200