balss

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Latvian[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *balsas, from the o-grade of Proto-Indo-European *bʰel-, *bʰol- (to sound, to speak, to roar, to bark), with an extra suffix -so (*bʰol-so-s). Cognates include Lithuanian bal̃sas, Russian болтать (boltát', to chat, to chatter), dialectal балдить (baldít', to often repeat the same thing), Old High German bellan, German bellen (to bark), Middle Low German bulderen, German poltern (to rumble; to speak loud).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

balss f (6th declension)

  1. (anatomy) voice (sound produced by the human respiratory tract for speaking, singing, etc.)
    spēcīga balss — strong voice
    balss trīc, dreb — the voice trembles
    balss tembrs, spēks, augstumsvoice timbre, power, pitch
    balss aparātsspeech (lit. voice) organs
    balss saitesvocal cords
    lasīt balsī — to read out loud (lit. to read in voice)
    pacelt, raudāt balsi — to lower, to raise one's voice
  2. voice, intonation (how a person's voice sounds, expressing or revealing mental states)
    priecīga, skumja balss — happy, sad voice
    dusmīga, mierīga, vienaldzīga balss — angry, calm, indifferent voice
  3. voice (someone who cannot be seen but can be heard)
    kadā balss ierunājās aiz muguras — some voice spoke behind (his) back
  4. voice (metaphorical means of communicating feelings, mental states)
    zemes balss — the voice of the earth
    sirds balss — the voice of one's heart
  5. voice (capacity for singing)
    augsta, zema balss — high, low (pitched) voice
    dziedātāja balss — a singer's voice
    balss diapazonsvoice range
  6. (polyphonic music) voice (single melodic line)
    augšējā balss — the upper voice
    pastāvīga balss — constant voice
    balsu kustībavoice movement
    dziedāt pirmo balsi — to sing the first voice
    dziesma divām balsīm — a song for two voices
  7. voice (sounds and calls produced by animals)
    putnu balsis — bird songs
    lakstīgalas balss — nightingale's voice
  8. voice (sound produced by natural phenomena or objects)
    vēja balss — the voice of the wind
  9. voice (general thoughts, beliefs, of a group of people)
    tautas balss — the voice of the people
    sabiedrības balss — the voice of society, public voice
  10. voice (expression of a mental state)
    naida balss — the voice of hate
    cilvēcības balss — the voice of humanity
  11. voice (capacity or opportunity to express one's opinion)
    tauta, kam bija atņemta sava balss — a people who had been deprived of their voice
  12. vote (citizen's will, expressed in an election, a referendum)
    nodot, atdot, dot (savu) balsi — to give one's vote, to vote
  13. vote (opinion, to be counted, expressed in a debate or discussion)
    izšķirt jautājumu ar balsu vairākumu — to settle the question by majority vote
    absolūtais balsu vairākums — absolute voting majority

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “balss” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7