- 1 English
- 2 Cimbrian
- 3 Danish
- 4 Gothic
- 5 Swedish
barm (plural barms)
- (obsolete except in dialects) Bosom, lap.
- Late 14th century: And with that word this faucon gan to crie / And swowned eft in Canacees barm. — Geoffrey Chaucer, ‘The Squire's Tale’, Canterbury Tales
From Old English beorma; related to the dialectal (Low) German Bärm ("yeast"), from Middle Low German barm, berm. The cake sense is possibly a shortened form of barmcake, which would be made with yeast as described in that sense, or possibly it is from the Irish báirín breac, a type of cake.
- Foam rising upon beer, or other malt liquors, when fermenting, and used as leaven in making bread and in brewing; yeast.
- (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
- 1882, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, A History of Agriculture and Prices in England, Volume 4, p. 620:
- In 1577 yeast, called barm, is bought at 9d. the pail.
- 1913, DH Lawrence, Sons and Lovers, Penguin 2006, p. 65:
- And he chaffed the women as he served them their ha'porths of barm.
- A small, flat, round individual loaf or roll of bread.
barm ? (please provide plural)
- “barm” in Umberto Martello Martalar, Alfonso Bellotto, Dizionario della lingua Cimbra dei Setti Communi vicentini, 1st edition, 1974.
- Romanization of 𐌱𐌰𐍂𐌼