bast

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See also: Bast, bäst, and bæst

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English, from Old English bæst (bast, inner bark of trees from which ropes were made), from Proto-Germanic *bastaz (bast, rope) (compare the Swedish bast, Dutch bast, German Bast), perhaps an alteration of Proto-Indo-European *bʰask-, *bʰasḱ- (bundle) (compare Middle Irish basc (necklace), Latin fascis (bundle), Albanian bashkë (tied, linked)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bast (plural basts)

  1. Fibre made from the phloem of certain plants and used for matting and cord.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 19, The Mirror and the Lamp:
      At the far end of the houses the head gardener stood waiting for his mistress, and he gave her strips of bass to tie up her nosegay. This she did slowly and laboriously, with knuckly old fingers that shook.
    • 1919, Ronald Firbank, Valmouth, Duckworth, hardback edition, page 87
      I thought I saw Him in the Long Walk there, by the bed of Nelly Roche, tending a fallen flower with a wisp of bast.
    • 1997: ‘Egil's Saga’, tr. Bernard Scudder, The Sagas of Icelanders, Penguin 2001, page 145
      He had taken along a long bast rope in his sleigh, since it was the custom on longer journeys to have a spare rope in case the reins needed mending.

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bast/, [b̥asd̥]

Noun[edit]

bast c (singular definite basten, not used in plural form)

  1. bast
  2. raffia

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bast f (plural basten, diminutive bastje n)

  1. A bark, as on a tree
  2. (figuratively) A skin, hide
    Hij liep in zijn blote bast rond

Verb[edit]

bast

  1. second- and third-person singular present indicative of bassen
  2. (archaic) plural imperative of bassen

References[edit]

  • M. J. Koenen & J. Endepols, Verklarend Handwoordenboek der Nederlandse Taal (tevens Vreemde-woordentolk), Groningen, Wolters-Noordhoff, 1969 (26th edition) [Dutch dictionary in Dutch]

Anagrams[edit]


Faroese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse bast (bast, inner bark of trees from which ropes were made), from Proto-Germanic *bastaz (bast, rope), perhaps an alteration of Proto-Indo-European *bʰask-, *bʰasḱ- (bundle).

Noun[edit]

bast n (genitive singular basts, uncountable)

  1. bast, raffia
  2. rope made of bast
Declension[edit]
n3s Singular
Indefinite Definite
Nominative bast bastið
Accusative bast bastið
Dative basti bastinum
Genitive basts bastsins

Etymology 2[edit]

From the verb at basa.

Verb[edit]

bast

  1. Supine form of basa.