bate

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See also: baté, bâté, bâte, and bäte

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Aphetic from abate.

Verb[edit]

bate (third-person singular simple present bates, present participle bating, simple past and past participle bated)

  1. (transitive) To reduce the force of something; to abate.
    • Dryden
      Abate thy speed, and I will bate of mine.
  2. (transitive) To restrain, usually with the sense of being in anticipation; as, with bated breath.
  3. (transitive, sometimes figuratively) To cut off, remove, take away.
    • c. 1658, Dr. Henry More, Government of the Tongue:
      He will not bate an ace of absolute certainty.
    • Holland
      About autumn bate the earth from about the roots of olives, and lay them bare.
  4. (archaic, transitive) To leave out, except, bar.
    • 1610, The Tempest, by Shakespeare, act 2, scene 1:
      (Sebastian) "Bate, I beseech you, widow Dido."
    • Beaumont and Fletcher
      Bate me the king, and, be he flesh and blood, / He lies that says it.
  5. To waste away.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  6. To deprive of.
    • Herbert
      When baseness is exalted, do not bate / The place its honour for the person's sake.
  7. To lessen by retrenching, deducting, or reducing; to abate; to beat down; to lower.
    • John Locke
      He must either bate the labourer's wages, or not employ or not pay him.
  8. To allow by way of abatement or deduction.
    • South
      to whom he bates nothing or what he stood upon with the parliament
Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  • 1897 Universal Dictionary of the English Language, Robert Hunter and Charles Morris (editors), volume 1, page 459.

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

bate (uncountable)

  1. Strife; contention.
    • 1598, William Shakespeare, King Henry IV, Part 2:
      ... and wears his boots very smooth, like unto the sign of the leg, and breeds no bate with telling of discreet stories;
    • 1888, Sir Richard Burton, The Book of The Thousand Nights And A Night (Arabian Nights)
      So the strife redoubled and the weapons together clashed and ceased not bate and debate and naught was to be seen but blood flowing and necks bowing; []
    • 1911, H.G. Wells, The New Machiavelli:
      The other merely needs jealousy and bate, of which there are great and easily accessible reservoirs in every human heart.
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

bate (third-person singular simple present bates, present participle bating, simple past and past participle bated)

  1. (intransitive) To contend or strive with blows or arguments.
  2. (intransitive, falconry) Of a falcon: To flap the wings vigorously; to bait.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Francis Bacon to this entry?)
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

  • (to contend or strive with blows or arguments): bait.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Swedish beta (maceration, tanning)

Noun[edit]

bate (plural bates)

  1. An alkaline lye which neutralizes the effect of the previous application of lime, and makes hides supple in the process of tanning.
  2. A vat which contains this liquid.
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

bate (third-person singular simple present bates, present participle bating, simple past and past participle bated)

  1. (transitive) To soak leather so as to remove chemicals used in tanning; to steep in bate.
Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  • 1897 Universal Dictionary of the English Language, Robert Hunter and Charles Morris (editors), volume 1, page 459.

Etymology 4[edit]

Formed by analogy with eatate, with which it shares an analogous past participle (eatenbeaten).

Verb[edit]

bate

  1. (nonstandard) simple past tense of beat; = beat.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Shortening of masturbate.

Verb[edit]

bate (third-person singular simple present bates, present participle bating, simple past and past participle bated)

  1. (intransitive, slang) To masturbate.

Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Noun[edit]

bate m (plural bates)

  1. bat (club)

Crow[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • boté / baté / badé

Noun[edit]

bate

  1. male-bodied person who dresses and lives as a woman

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

bate

  1. (archaic) singular present subjunctive of baten

Noun[edit]

bate

  1. (archaic) Dative singular form of baat

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Noun[edit]

bate

  1. vocative singular of batus

Portuguese[edit]

Verb[edit]

bate

  1. Third-person singular (ele, ela, also used with tu and você?) present indicative of bater
  2. Second-person singular (tu) affirmative imperative of bater

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin battere, battuere, present active infinitive of battō, battuō (beat).

Verb[edit]

a bate (third-person singular present bate, past participle bătut3rd conj.

  1. to beat
  2. to defeat
  3. to strike, hit, punch

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From English bat.

Noun[edit]

bate m (plural bates)

  1. (sports) bat

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

bate m (plural bates)

  1. (Honduras, slang) reefer, joint (a marijuana cigarette).
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

bate

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of batir.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of batir.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of batir.

Walloon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French batre, from Late Latin battō, battere, alternative form of Latin battuō, battuere (beat, pound; fight).

Verb[edit]

bate

  1. (pronominal) to fight