bloom

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See also: Bloom

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English blome, from Old Norse blóm, from Proto-Germanic *blōmô (compare West Frisian blom, Low German Bloom, Dutch bloem, German Blume, Danish blomme, Swedish blomma), from *blōaną, from Proto-Indo-European *bleh₃- (to thrive, flower, bloom) (compare Irish blath (leaf), Latin folium (leaf), Albanian bilonjë (twig, branch), Ancient Greek [script?] (phýllon, leaf)). More at blow.

Noun[edit]

bloom (plural blooms)

  1. A blossom; the flower of a plant; an expanded bud.
    • Prescott
      the rich blooms of the tropics
  2. Flowers, collectively.
  3. (uncountable) The opening of flowers in general; the state of blossoming or of having the flowers open.
    The cherry trees are in bloom.
    • Milton
      sight of vernal bloom
  4. A state or time of beauty, freshness, and vigor/vigour; an opening to higher perfection, analogous to that of buds into blossoms.
    the bloom of youth
    • Hawthorne
      Every successive mother has transmitted a fainter bloom, a more delicate and briefer beauty.
  5. The delicate, powdery coating upon certain growing or newly-gathered fruits or leaves, as on grapes, plums, etc.
  6. Anything giving an appearance of attractive freshness.
    • Thackeray
      a new, fresh, brilliant world, with all the bloom upon it
  7. The clouded appearance which varnish sometimes takes upon the surface of a picture.
  8. A yellowish deposit or powdery coating which appears on well-tanned leather.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Knight to this entry?)
  9. (mineralogy) A popular term for a bright-hued variety of some minerals.
    the rose-red cobalt bloom
  10. A white area of cocoa butter that forms on the surface of chocolate when warmed and cooled.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English bloom (a blossom)

Verb[edit]

bloom (third-person singular simple present blooms, present participle blooming, simple past and past participle bloomed)

  1. (transitive) To cause to blossom; to make flourish.
    • Hooker
      Charitable affection bloomed them.
  2. (transitive) To bestow a bloom upon; to make blooming or radiant.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Milton to this entry?)
    • Keats
      While barred clouds bloom the soft-dying day.
  3. (intransitive) Of a plant, to produce blooms; to open its blooms.
    • Milton
      A flower which once / In Paradise, fast by the tree of life, / Began to bloom.
  4. (intransitive, figuratively) Of a person, business, etc, to flourish; to be in a state of healthful, growing youth and vigour; to show beauty and freshness.
    • Logan
      A better country blooms to view, / Beneath a brighter sky.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old English blōma

Noun[edit]

bloom (plural blooms)

  1. The spongy mass of metal formed in a furnace by the smelting process.
    • 1957, H.R. Schubert, History of the British Iron and Steel Industry, p. 26:
      These metallic bodies gradually increasing in volume finally conglomerate into a larger mass, the bloom, which is extracted from the furnace with tongs.
Translations[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Chinook Jargon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English broom.

Noun[edit]

bloom

  1. broom

Derived terms[edit]


Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from English bloom.

Noun[edit]

bloom m

  1. (metallurgy) bloom

Mutation[edit]

Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bloom vloom mloom
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.