bogatyr

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Russian богатырь (bogatýr’), from a Turkic language, probably Khazar, from Old Turkic bagatur (hero), from Proto-Turkic *bAgatur (hero), possibly from Proto-Altaic *mi̯àga ("glory, praise"). Compare Turkish bahadır, Mongolian баатар (baatar), Tatar баһадир (bahadir). Cf. the name of the Xiongnu Chanyu, MC 冒頓 (*maɣu-tur). This Turkic word was borrowed into numerous surrounding languages (Iranian, Mongolian etc., see the literature in E. W. Sewortyan et al.). Modern forms like batɨr, batur are back-borrowings from Mongolian. Forms of the type baxatir - back-borrowings from Persian. Cognate with Middle Mongolian [script?] (maqta-), [script?] (maxta-, to laud, carol), from Proto-Mongolic *magta- (to praise, glorify), Evenki migdi- ("to be noisy, produce noise"), Oroch magui- ("to shamanize"), from Proto-Tungus-Manchu *m[ia]g-, Middle Korean (māl, speech) (from Proto-Korean *mār < *maga-r), Old Japanese 申す (mawos-, to speak (polite)) (from Proto-Japonic *màwǝ̀-s-).

Noun[edit]

Three famous Russian bogatyrs - Dobrynya Nikitich, Ilya Muromets and Alyosha Popovich

bogatyr (plural bogatyrs)

  1. A medieval Russian heroic warrior, akin to Western European knight-errant.
    • 1998, James Bailey, Tatyana Ivanova (translators and editors), An Anthology of Russian Folk Epics, page 17,
      There was no answer from the bogatyr.
      Ilya shouted even louder than before,
      Louder than before, in a shrill voice—
      There was no answer from the bogatyr.
    • 2011, Rosamund Bartlett, Tolstoy: A Russian Life, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, page 2 [1]:
      Later on, he [Tolstoy] was equated with Ilya Muromets, the most famous Russian bogatyr - a semi-mythical medieval warrior who lay at home on the brick stove until he was thirty-three - then went on to perform great feats defending the realm. Ilja Muromets is Russia's traditional symbol of physical and spiritual strength.
    • 2011, Konstantin M Averin, Tatiana I Pavlova, To Be Or Not to Be Russian?, page 31,
      Some variants of the tale say that all the bogatyrs perished in the battle except Ilya of Murom, who, however, died after coming back as a winner.

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French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a Turkic language, probably Khazar. See bogatyr for more.

Noun[edit]

bogatyr m (plural bogatyrs)

  1. a bogatyr