bogatyr

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Russian богатырь (bogatýr’), from a Turkic language, probably Khazar, from Old Turkic bagatur (hero), from Proto-Turkic *bAgatur (hero), which, according to the controversial Altaic hypothesis, is possibly derived from Proto-Altaic *mi̯àga (glory, praise),[1] which see for possible cognates. Compare Turkish bahadır, Tatar баһадир (bahadir). This Turkic word was borrowed into numerous surrounding languages (Iranian, Mongolian баатар (baatar), etc., see the literature in E. V. Sevortyan et al.); modern Turkic forms like batɨr and batur are back-borrowings from Mongolian, while forms of the type baxatir are back-borrowings from Persian. The word stem tor, which is propably of proto-Altaic origin, was also found in the ruler's name of Xiongnu empire muktor (冒頓, written as mau-duon in Chinese), who reigned in the 2nd century B.C. The word tor which does not occur except in the word baγator in Turkic, continues to survive in Korean in the form of tori meaning 'a brave boy'.

Noun[edit]

Three famous Russian bogatyrs - Dobrynya Nikitich, Ilya Muromets and Alyosha Popovich

bogatyr (plural bogatyrs)

  1. A medieval Russian heroic warrior, akin to Western European knight-errant.
    • 1998, James Bailey, Tatyana Ivanova (translators and editors), An Anthology of Russian Folk Epics, page 17,
      There was no answer from the bogatyr.
      Ilya shouted even louder than before,
      Louder than before, in a shrill voice—
      There was no answer from the bogatyr.
    • 2011, Rosamund Bartlett, Tolstoy: A Russian Life, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, page 2 [1]:
      Later on, he [Tolstoy] was equated with Ilya Muromets, the most famous Russian bogatyr - a semi-mythical medieval warrior who lay at home on the brick stove until he was thirty-three - then went on to perform great feats defending the realm. Ilja Muromets is Russia's traditional symbol of physical and spiritual strength.
    • 2011, Konstantin M Averin, Tatiana I Pavlova, To Be Or Not to Be Russian?, page 31,
      Some variants of the tale say that all the bogatyrs perished in the battle except Ilya of Murom, who, however, died after coming back as a winner.

Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “**mi̯àga” in Sergei Starostin, Vladimir Dybo, Oleg Mudrak (2003), Etymological Dictionary of the Altaic Languages, Leiden: Brill Academic Publishers

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a Turkic language, probably Khazar. See bogatyr for more.

Noun[edit]

bogatyr m (plural bogatyrs)

  1. bogatyr