bourgeois

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French bourgeois (a class of citizens who were wealthier members of the Third Estate), from Anglo-Norman burgeis (town dweller), from Old French borjois, from borc (town), from Proto-Germanic *burgz (fortress), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrgʰ- (fortified elevation). The path from Proto-Germanic to Old French is unclear. Perhaps via Frankish *burg or Late Latin *burgus, or possibly both. See also the related word burgess.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈbɔːʒ.wɑː/, /ˈbʊəʒ.wɑː/
  • (file)
  • (US) IPA(key): /buɹʒ.ˈwɑː/, /ˈbuɹʒ.wɑː/
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

bourgeois (comparative more bourgeois, superlative most bourgeois)

  1. Of or relating to the middle class, especially its attitudes and conventions.
  2. Belonging to the middle class.
  3. Conventional, conservative and materialistic.
    bourgeois opinion
  4. (Marxism) Of or relating to capitalist exploitation of the proletariat.

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

  • (conventional, conservative): square

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

bourgeois (uncountable)

  1. (politics, collectively) The middle class.
  2. (rare) An individual member of the middle class.
  3. A person with bourgeois values and attitudes.
  4. An individual member of the bourgeoisie, one of the three estates.
  5. (Marxism) Anyone deemed to be an exploiter of the proletariat, a capitalist.
  6. (printing) A size of type between long primer and brevier.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French bourgeois.

Noun[edit]

bourgeois m (plural bourgeois, diminutive bourgeoistje n)

  1. bourgeois

Related terms[edit]


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Anglo-Norman burgeis (town dweller), from Old French borjois, from borc (town), from Proto-Germanic *burgz (fortress), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrgʰ- (fortified elevation). The path from Proto-Germanic to Old French is unclear. Perhaps via Frankish *burg or Late Latin *burgus, or possibly both, and probably through the Late Latin intermediate burgensis. Compare Italian borghese, Portuguese burguês, Spanish burgués.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

bourgeois m (feminine bourgeoise, masculine plural bourgeois, feminine plural bourgeoises)

  1. bourgeois

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

bourgeois m (plural bourgeois, feminine bourgeoise)

  1. member of the middle class
  2. bourgeois

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

External links[edit]


German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French, itself from a Germanic origin.

Adjective[edit]

bourgeois (comparative bourgeoiser, superlative am bourgeoisesten)

  1. bourgeois

Declension[edit]

External links[edit]