być

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Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *byti, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuh₂- (see Proto-Indo-European *bʰew-).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

być impf

  1. to be (indicates sameness or membership in a class) [+ (nominative or instrumental)]
  2. to be (auxilary verb used for predication) [+ (adjective)]
    Jestem zmęczona.
    I am tired.
  3. In future tense, forms future tense of imperfective verbs. [+ (infinitive or verb in past tense)]
  4. (archaic) In past tense, forms pluperfect tense. [+ (verb in past tense)]
    • 1869, Charles Edmond (translated by Edmund Chojecki), Alkhadar: uste̜p z dziejów ojców naszych, F.A. Brockhaus, page 231
      Nastusia na pół osunięta, na pół wsparta na dębie, na pół omdlała, z oczyma szeroko, nieruchomie otwartemi, utkwionemi w stronę, gdzie jastrząb dokonał był pomyślnych swoich łowów, strasznie dyszała.

Usage notes[edit]

The object is either in nominative or instrumental case; the former is often used when introducing oneself, and implies the object to be definite (Ja jestem Czesław, a to jest Marysia.), in the latter the object is usually indefinite (Ona jest studentką = She is a student), although not exclusively (W tym momencie zorientował się, że Bruce Wayne jest Batmanem = In that moment he realised that Bruce Wayne is the Batman).

Conjugation[edit]

External links[edit]

  • być” in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Upper Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *byti, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰuh₂- (see Proto-Indo-European *bʰew-). Compare Lower Sorbian byś.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

być

  1. to be