by-

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See also: by, BY, , by., -by, and .by

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English by (town), of North Germanic origin, from Old Norse bȳr (dwelling, town), from Proto-Germanic *būwiz (dwelling), from Proto-Indo-European *bhōw- (to dwell). Cognate with Danish by (town). More at bower.

Prefix[edit]

by-

  1. (usually non-productive) Prefix originally denoting a town or city
    bylaw, bypass

Etymology 2[edit]

Partly from a combining form of by (by, near, around), and partly continuing Middle English bi-, by-, from Old English bī- (by, near, around), from Proto-Germanic *bi (near), from Proto-Indo-European *obhi, *ebhi (by).

Prefix[edit]

by-

  1. Prefix denoting nearness
    bystander
  2. Prefix meaning secondary, incidental, or parallel to
    by-product, byform, by-path