c-command

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

A shortened form of "constituent command." The term may also have been chosen so as to eliminate confusion in speech with the similar notion kommand.[1]

Noun[edit]

c-command (uncountable)

  1. (syntax) The relationship between a node in a parse tree and its sibling nodes (usually meaning the children of the first branching node that dominates the node) and all the sibling nodes' children.
    • 1988, Andrew Radford, chapter 10, Transformational grammar: a first course, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, page 564:
         Given the key assumption of Trace Theory that a moved constituent leaves behind a coindexed trace, we might formulate the relevant principle that transformations cannot downgrade constituents in terms of an equivalent condition that a moved constituent cannot occupy a lower position than any of its traces. This principle might be stated more formally as in (85) below
      (85)      C-COMMAND CONDITION
      (85)      A moved constituent must c-command ( = constituent-command)
      (85)      each of its traces at S-structure (X c-commands Y just in case the
      (85)      first branching node dominating X dominates Y, and neither X
      (85)      nor Y dominates the other)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Keshet, Ezra (2004-05-20), "24.952 Syntax Squib", MIT.
  • 1976 Reinhart, Tanya M. The Syntactic Domain of Anaphora. (Doctoral dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology). (Available online at http://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/16400).
  • 1997 William O'Grady, Michael Dobrovolsky, and Mark Aronoff, Contemporary Linguistics. Bedford/St. Martin's. (third edition).
  • 1994, Liliane Haegeman, Introduction to Government and Binding Theory, edition 2, Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, page 137:
  • 2002, Andrew Carnie, Syntax: A Generative Introduction, edition 1, Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, page 77:
  • 2002 Harris, C. L. and Bates, E. A. 'Clausal backgrounding and pronominal reference: A functionalist approach to c-command'. Language and Cognitive Processes 17(3):237-269.

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