- 1 Dutch
- 2 French
- 3 Portuguese
- 4 Spanish
From French, see below, either from Italian carnivale, from Middle Latin carnelevale, from carnem (“flesh”) + levāre (“lighten, raise”) or directly from Middle Latin. The alternative carnem vale "flesh farewell" is believed to be folk etymology.
- The carnival, last festive occasion(s) before Lent, notably on Shrove Tuesday
- (within the southern Netherlands and Belgium, specifically) A festival celebrated with costuming, parades and other festivities, with a general emphasis on parody, jest and local tradition and dialect.
- (in some areas) vastenavond
Either from Italian carnivale, from Middle Latin carnelevale, from caro "flesh" + levare "lighten, raise" or directly from Middle Latin (the alternative carne vale "to flesh/meat, farewell" is believed folk etymology)
Audio (Paris) (file)
- The carnival, last festive occasion before Lent, notably on Shrove Tuesday, marked by a masked parade and/or ball
- “carnaval” in le Trésor de la langue française informatisé (The Digitized Treasury of the French Language).
- (Brazil) IPA(key): /kaʁ.na.ˈvaw/
- (South Brazil) IPA(key): /kaɻ.na.ˈvaw/
- (Portugal) IPA(key): /kɐɾ.nɐ.ˈvaɫ/
- Hyphenation: car‧na‧val
carnaval m (plural carnavais)
- carnival (festive occasion marked by parades)
carnaval m (plural carnavales)