catawampus

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • catawamptious; catawampous; cattywampus; cattywampous; caliwampus; caliwampous; cankywampus; kittywampus; gittywampus; skiwampus

Etymology[edit]

In the fierce sense probably from catamount (mountain cat).

The crooked sense may at least partly derive from the same source as the "cater" in cater-corner, which some would derive from Middle French catre (four)- in reference to four corners/square- from Old French quatre (four), from Latin quattuor. This is disputed by others, who suggest a possible Old Norse or other Scandinavian origin. See cater-corner and cater-corner for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˌkætəˈwɑmpəs/, /ˈkætəˌwɑmpəs/

Adjective[edit]

catawampus (comparative more catawampus, superlative most catawampus)

  1. Out of alignment, crooked, cater-corner.
    • 1885, Charles Egbert Craddock, Down the Ravine:
      "Waal, I noticed ez the aidge o' one o' them boards war sot sorter catawampus, ...".
  2. Fierce, destructive.
    • 1844, Charles Dickens, The Life and Adventures of Martin Chuzzlewit, Chapter 21:
      There air some catawampous chawers in the small way too, as graze upon a human pretty strong; but don't mind them, they're company.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

catawampus (plural catawampuses)

  1. (US) A fierce imaginary animal, a bogeyman.

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  • Jonathan E. Lighter, Historical Dictionary of American Slang, Volume I, A-G. Random House USA, 1994. ISBN 9780394544274.
  • Frederic G. Cassidy, Dictionary of American Regional English, Volume I, A-C. Harvard University Press, 1985. ISBN 0674205111.
  • Eric Partridge, The Routledge Dictionary of Historical Slang. Routledge, 1973. ISBN 9780710077615.
  • Josefa Heifetz Byrne, Mrs. Byrne's Dictionary of Unusual, Obscure and Preposterous Words. Granada Publishing, 1979. ISBN 0246111518.


External links[edit]