caudex

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

English[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Latin caudex (tree trunk”, “tree stem); compare codex.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

caudex (plural caudices)[1]

  1. (botany)[1] An enlargement of the stem, branch or root of a woody plant, usually serving to store water.

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 ‖caudex” listed in the Oxford English Dictionary [2nd Ed.; 1989]

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain, but some have connected it to Proto-Indo-European *h₃osk- (ash tree), the same source as Welsh onnen, Latin ornus (wild mountain ash), Lithuanian úosis, Russian ясень (jasenʹ, jásen’), Albanian ah (beech), Ancient Greek ὀξύα (oksúa, beech), Old Armenian հացի (hacʿi). The connection stems from the assumption that Indo-Europeans used hollowed out ash trees as boats and skiffs.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

caudex m (genitive caudicis); third declension

  1. A tree trunk, stump.
  2. A bollard; post.
  3. A book, writing; notebook, account book.
  4. (pejorative) A bollard, blockhead, idiot.

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative caudex caudicēs
genitive caudicis caudicum
dative caudicī caudicibus
accusative caudicem caudicēs
ablative caudice caudicibus
vocative caudex caudicēs

References[edit]

  1. ^ Schrader, Prehistoric antiquities of the Aryan peoples: a manual of comparative philology and the earliest culture