caurs

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *kyaur-, from Proto-Indo-European *kew- (to cut, to separate, to scrape, to dig) with an extra -r. The sense evolution was probably “to cut, to dig” → “to prickle.” Cognates include Lithuanian kiáuras.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Adjective[edit]

caurs (def. caurais, comp. caurāks, sup. viscaurākais; adv. cauri)

  1. having a hole or holes
    caurs spainis, jumtsleaky bucket, roof
    caura kaste — box with a hole on it
    cauras zeķes, kurpes — socks, shoes with holes on them
    koks ar cauru vidu — tree with a hole in the middle
  2. having been damaged
    caura būdadamaged hut
    pirts bija tik veca un caura — the bath(house) was so old and damaged
    caurs zobsdamaged tooth
  3. all (the time), without interruptions, throughout
    ceļot visu cauru gadu — to travel the whole year, all through, throughout the year
    strādāt caurām dienām — to work all day

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “caurs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7