centum

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin centum (hundred), the canonical example of a word retaining an original velar stop, as opposed to Avestan 𐬯𐬀𐬙𐬆𐬨 (satəm).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

centum (not comparable)

  1. (Indo-European linguistics) referring to an Indo-European language that did not produce sibilants from a series of Proto-Indo-European palatovelar stops.

Antonyms[edit]

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Italian[edit]

Adjective[edit]

centum (invariable)

  1. used only in the term lingua centum

Latin[edit]

Latin cardinal numbers
XCIX C CI
    Cardinal : centum
    Ordinal : centēsimus
    Adverbial : centiēns
    Multiplier : centumplex
    Distributive : centēnī
Latin Wikipedia article on centum

Alternative forms[edit]

  • Symbol: C

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *kentom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱm̥tóm. Formal cognates include Sanskrit शत (śata), Old Church Slavonic съто (sŭto) and Old English hund.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

centum (indeclinable)

  1. (cardinal) a hundred; 100
    • c. 37 BCE – 30 BCE, Virgil, Georgicon 4.381
      Simul ipsa precatur Oceanumque patrem rerum Nymphasque sorores centum quae silvas, centum quae flumina servant.
      Together she entreats father Ocean, and the sister-nymphs who guard a hundred forests and a hundred streams.

Usage notes[edit]

The numeral centum behaves like an indeclinable adjective. See Appendix:Latin cardinal numbers for additional information.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

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See also[edit]