chiton

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English[edit]

A woman wearing a chiton (left), and two women with a himation over a chiton (right).

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ancient Greek χιτών (khitṓn, tunic), from a Central Semitic *kittan, from the Akkadian [script needed] (kitû) / [script needed] (kita’um, flax", "linen), from Sumerian [script needed] (gada) / [script needed] (gida).

Noun[edit]

chiton (plural chitons)

  1. A loose, woolen tunic, worn by both men and women in Ancient Greece.
    • 1992, Donna Tartt, The Secret History,
      On the night of our first attempt, we simply overdrank and passed out in our chitons in the woods near Francis’s house.
    • 1998, Colette Susan Czapski, NM238: A Hellenistic Statue and Its Archaistic Support, Kim J. Hartswick, Mary Carol Sturgeon (editors), Stephanos: Studies in Honor of Brunilde Sismondo Ridgway, page 53,
      She wears a diaphanous himation that covers her torso, over a floor-length chiton of heavier fabric.
    • 2002, Nikolaos Kaltsas (editor), Sculpture in the National Archaeological Museum, Athens, page 156,
      She wears a chiton and himation, using both hands to hold the edge of the latter, in which she has gathered apples.
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Etymology 2[edit]

A chiton, Cryptochiton stelleri

From New Latin chiton. See above.

Noun[edit]

chiton (plural chitons)

  1. Any of various rock-clinging marine molluscs of the class Polyplacophora, including the genus Chiton.
    • 1969, Sam Hinton, Seashore Life of Southern California, page 72,
      In the giant chiton, Cryptochiton, this girdle has expanded so as to completely cover the plates.
    • 1979, R. McNeill Alexander, The Invertebrates, page 295,
      The chiton (Fig. 14.1 a) is depressed (dorso-ventrally flattened), with a large foot which has a flat sole.
    • 1996, Paul Henson, The Natural History of Big Sur, page 70,
      The bright orange gumboot chiton (Cryptochiton stelleri) is the largest in the world.
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