chop

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See also: chóp and chộp

English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Middle English choppen, variant of chappen (to chop). Akin to Dutch kappen (to chop, cut, hew), Middle Low German koppen (to cut off, lop, poll), Danish kappe (to cut, lop off, poll), Swedish kapa (to cut), Albanian copë (piece, chunk), Old English *cippian (only attested in compounds). More at chip.

Noun[edit]

chop (plural chops)

Chopping garlic
  1. A cut of meat, often containing a section of a rib.
    I only like lamb chops with mint jelly.
  2. A blow with an axe, cleaver, or similar utensil.
    It should take just one good chop to fell the sapling.
  3. (martial arts) A blow delivered with the hand rigid and outstretched.
    A karate chop.
  4. Ocean waves, generally caused by wind, distinguished from swell by being smaller and not lasting as long.
  5. (poker) A hand where two or more players have an equal-valued hand, resulting in the chips being shared equally between them.
    With both players having an ace-high straight, the pot was a chop.
  6. (informal, with "the") Termination, especially from employment.
  7. (dated) A crack or cleft; a chap.
Quotations[edit]
Synonyms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

chop (third-person singular simple present chops, present participle chopping, simple past and past participle chopped)

  1. (transitive) To cut into pieces with short, vigorous cutting motions.
    chop wood
    chop an onion
  2. (transitive) To sever with an axe or similar implement.
    Chop off his head.
  3. (transitive, baseball) To hit the ball downward so that it takes a high bounce.
  4. (poker) To divide the pot (or tournament prize) between two or more players.
  5. To do something suddenly with an unexpected motion; to catch or attempt to seize.
    • L'Estrange
      Out of greediness to get both, he chops at the shadow, and loses the substance.
  6. To interrupt; with in or out.
    • Latimer
      This fellow interrupted the sermon, even suddenly chopping in.
Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Of uncertain origin, perhaps a variant of chap.

Verb[edit]

chop (third-person singular simple present chops, present participle chopping, simple past and past participle chopped)

  1. (obsolete) To exchange, to barter; to swap.
    • 1644, John Milton, Aeropagitica:
      this is not to put down Prelaty, this is but to chop an Episcopacy; this is but to translate the Palace Metropolitan from one kind of dominion into another, this is but an old canonicall sleight of commuting our penance.
    • L'Estrange
      We go on chopping and changing our friends.
  2. To chap or crack.
  3. (nautical) To vary or shift suddenly.
    The wind chops about.
  4. To wrangle; to altercate; to bandy words.
    • Francis Bacon
      Let not the counsel at the bar chop with the judge.

Noun[edit]

chop (plural chops)

  1. (chiefly in the plural) A jaw of an animal.
  2. A movable jaw or cheek, as of a vice.
  3. The land at each side of the mouth of a river, harbour, or channel.
    East Chop; West Chop
  4. A change; a vicissitude.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Marryat to this entry?)

Etymology 3[edit]

Hindi छाप (ćhāp, stamp)

Noun[edit]

chop (plural chops)

  1. An official stamp or seal.
  2. Mark indicating nature, quality, or brand.
    silk of the first chop
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Shortening.

Noun[edit]

chop (plural chops)

  1. (Internet) An IRC channel operator.
    • 1996, Peter Ludlow, High Noon on the Electronic Frontier (page 404)
      IRC supports mechanisms for the enforcement of acceptable behaviour on IRC. Channel operators — "chanops" or "chops" — have access to the /kick command, which throws a specified user out of the given channel.
Synonyms[edit]

Nigerian Pidgin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Verb[edit]

chop

  1. eat
  2. spend