churn

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English ċyrin. Cognate with West Frisian tsjerne, Dutch karn and Walloon serene.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

churn (third-person singular simple present churns, present participle churning, simple past and past participle churned)

  1. (transitive) To agitate rapidly and repetitively, or to stir with a rowing or rocking motion; generally applies to liquids, notably cream.
    Now the cream is churned to make butter.
    • Addison
      Churned in his teeth, the foamy venom rose.
  2. (transitive, figuratively) To produce excessive and sometimes undesirable or unproductive activity or motion.
    • 2012 December 20, John Branch, “Snow Fall : The Avalanche at Tunnel Creek”, New York Time:
      The slope of the terrain, shaped like a funnel, squeezed the growing swell of churning snow into a steep, twisting gorge.
  3. (intransitive) To move rapidly and repetitively with a rocking motion; to tumble, mix or shake.
    I was so nervous my stomach was churning.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

churn (plural churns)

  1. A vessel used for churning.
    a butter churn
  2. (telecommunications) The time when a consumer switches his/her service provider.
  3. (telecommunications) The mass of people who are ready to switch carriers, expressed by the formula Customer Quits/Customer base.

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