control

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English conterrolle, from Old French contrerole, from Medieval Latin contrarotulum (a counter-roll or register used to verify accounts), from Latin contra (against, opposite) + Medieval Latin rotulus, Latin rotula (roll, a little wheel), diminutive of rota (a wheel).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

control (third-person singular simple present controls, present participle controlling, simple past and past participle controlled)

  1. To exercise influence over, to suggest or dictate the behavior of, oversit.
    • With a simple remote, he could control the toy truck.
    • 2013 May 17, George Monbiot, “Money just makes the rich suffer”, The Guardian Weekly, volume 188, number 23, page 19: 
      In order to grant the rich these pleasures, the social contract is reconfigured. […]  The public realm is privatised, the regulations restraining the ultra–wealthy and the companies they control are abandoned, and Edwardian levels of inequality are almost fetishised.

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Noun[edit]

control (countable and uncountable, plural controls)

  1. (countable, uncountable) Influence or authority over.
    The government has complete control over the situation.
  2. A separate group or subject in an experiment against which the results are compared where the primary variable is low or non-existent.
  3. The method and means of governing the performance of any apparatus, machine or system, such as a lever, handle or button.
  4. Restraint or ability to contain one's movements or emotions, or self-control.
    • 2012 April 24, John Branch, “Snow Fall : The Avalanche at Tunnel Creek”, New York Times:
      She had no control of her body as she tumbled downhill. She did not know up from down. It was not unlike being cartwheeled in a relentlessly crashing wave.
    • 2013 June 21, Oliver Burkeman, “The tao of tech”, The Guardian Weekly, volume 189, number 2, page 27: 
      The dirty secret of the internet is that all this distraction and interruption is immensely profitable. Web companies like to boast about […], or offering services that let you [] "share the things you love with the world" and so on. But the real way to build a successful online business is to be better than your rivals at undermining people's control of their own attention.
  5. A security mechanism, policy, or procedure that can counter system attack, reduce risks, and resolve vulnerabilities; a safeguard or countermeasure.
  6. (project management) A means of monitoring for, and triggering intervention in, activities that are not going according to plan.
  7. A duplicate book, register, or account, kept to correct or check another account or register.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Johnson to this entry?)
  8. (graphical user interface) An interface element that a computer user interacts with, such as a window or a text box.

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The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

External links[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French contrôle.

Noun[edit]

control m (plural controls)

  1. control
  2. check, inspection
  3. influence, authority

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Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

control m (plural controles)

  1. control, or running of a business
  2. control of a machine
  3. control or emotional restraint, self-control
  4. remote control

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