cramp

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Middle English crampe, from Old French crampe, cranpe (cramp), from Old Frankish *krampa (cramp), from Proto-Germanic *krampō (cramp, clasp), from Proto-Indo-European *grem- (to unite; lap, pile, heap), from Proto-Indo-European *ger- (to unite, collect, forgather). Cognate with Dutch kramp (cramp), German Low German Kramp (cramp), German Krampe and Krampf (cramp), Swedish kramp (cramp), Icelandic krampa (cramp). See also Proto-Germanic *kruppaz (lump, round mass, body, crop), Ancient Greek ἀγείρω (ageírō, I gather, collect), whence ἀγορά (agorá), Latin grex.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cramp (plural cramps)

  1. A painful contraction of a muscle which cannot be controlled.
    • Sir T. More
      The cramp, divers nights, gripeth him in his legs.
  2. That which confines or contracts; a restraint; a shackle; a hindrance.
    • L'Estrange
      A narrow fortune is a cramp to a great mind.
    • Cowper
      crippling his pleasures with the cramp of fear
  3. A clamp for carpentry or masonry.
  4. A piece of wood having a curve corresponding to that of the upper part of the instep, on which the upper leather of a boot is stretched to give it the requisite shape.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Verb[edit]

cramp (third-person singular simple present cramps, present participle cramping, simple past and past participle cramped)

  1. (intransitive) (of a muscle) To contract painfully and uncontrollably.
  2. (transitive) To prohibit movement or expression.
    You're cramping my style.
    • Layard
      The mind may be as much cramped by too much knowledge as by ignorance.
  3. (transitive) To restrain to a specific physical position, as if with a cramp.
    You're going to need to cramp the wheels on this hill.
    • Ford
      when the gout cramps my joints
  4. To fasten or hold with, or as if with, a cramp.
  5. (by extension) To bind together; to unite.
    • Burke
      The [] fabric of universal justice is well cramped and bolted together in all its parts.
  6. To form on a cramp.
    to cramp boot legs

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  • cramp” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).

Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page as described here.

Adjective[edit]

cramp

  1. intricate, complex

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Manx mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
cramp chramp gramp
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.