crane

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See also: crâne

English[edit]

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A crane (bird).
A crane (mechanical).

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English cran, from Old English cran (crane), from Proto-Germanic *kranô (crane), from Proto-Indo-European *gerh₂- (to cry hoarsely). Cognate with Scots cran (crane), Dutch kraan (crane), German Kran (crane).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

crane (plural cranes)

  1. A large bird of the order Gruiformes and the family Gruidae having long legs and a long neck which it extends when flying.
  2. A mechanical lifting device, often used for lifting heavy loads for industrial or construction purposes.
  3. An iron arm with horizontal motion, attached to the side or back of a fireplace for supporting kettles etc. over the fire.
  4. A siphon, or bent pipe, for drawing liquors out of a cask.
  5. (nautical) A forked post or projecting bracket to support spars, etc.; generally used in pairs.

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Verb[edit]

crane (third-person singular simple present cranes, present participle craning, simple past and past participle craned)

  1. (transitive) To extend (one's neck).
    (Can we find and add a quotation of George Eliot to this entry?)
  2. (transitive) To raise or lower with, or as if with, a crane.
    • Bates
      What engines, what instruments are used in craning up a soul, sunk below the centre, to the highest heavens.
    • Massinger
      an upstart craned up to the height he has

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Lojban[edit]

Etymology[edit]

In Lojbanized spelling.

  • Chinese: cian [qián]
  • English: frant— front
  • Hindi: samneसामने [sāmanē]
  • Spanish: frent— frente

Pronunciation[edit]

Gismu[edit]

crane (rafsi cra)

  1. anterior; x1 is anterior/ahead/forward/(in/on) the front of x2 which faces/in-frame-of-reference x3

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